zinc phosphide


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zinc phos·phide

Zn3P2; used as a bait poison for the extermination of rats and mice.

zinc phosphide

A toxic pesticide that releases hydrogen phosphide after exposure to water. Its chemical formula is Zn3P2.
See also: phosphide

zinc

a chemical element, atomic number 30, atomic weight 65.37, symbol Zn. See Table 6.
Zinc is a trace element that is a component of several enzymes, including DNA and RNA polymerases, and carbonic anhydrase. Zinc salts are used in skin lotions, eye washes, the treatment and prevention of footrot of sheep and facial eczema of sheep and cattle.

zinc acetate
a salt used as an astringent and styptic.
zinc cadmium sulfide
used in the preparation of fluoroscopic screens; is fluorescent and emits yellow-green light when excited by x-rays.
zinc carbonate
a mild astringent; used mainly as calamine.
zinc chromate
an industrial compound used in cold galvanizing of metal. Accidental access causes diarrhea and fatal enteritis.
zinc finger motif
sequence of approximately 30 amino acids, forming a helix-turn-helix, believed to form a structure that includes tetrahedrally coordinated zinc (II) ions. Found in many eukaryotic, prokaryotic and viral DNA-binding proteins.
zinc finger protein
DNA-binding proteins that contain zinc-finger motifs.
zinc gelatin
a mixture of zinc oxide, gelatin, glycerin and purified water; used topically as a protectant.
zinc gluconate
a source of supplementary zinc.
hereditary zinc deficiency
lethal trait A46; see inherited parakeratosis.
zinc nutritional deficiency
causes parakeratosis in pigs, a chronic, afebrile, noninflammatory disease of the epidermis characterized by crusty proliferation and cracking of the skin. Dogs fed diets with high levels of calcium or cereals may have poor absorption of zinc and develop signs of deficiency, primarily in the skin. See also zinc-responsive dermatosis.
zinc ointment
a preparation of zinc oxide and mineral oil in white ointment; used topically as an astringent and protectant.
zinc oversupplementation
causes hemolytic anemia, anorexia and vomiting.
zinc oxide
a compound used as a topical astringent and protectant. Inhalation of fumes causes interstitial emphysema and atelectasis.
zinc phosphate
used as a phosphate-bonded cement in restorative dentistry.
zinc phosphide
used at one time as a rodenticide. When ingested the poisonous gas phosphine is liberated and kills the animal without diagnostic signs or lesions.
zinc poisoning
is usually chronic and causes stiffness and lameness with particular involvement of the shoulder joint in which there is a degenerative arthritis. In acute poisoning there is gastroenteritis with vomiting.
zinc-responsive dermatoses
see parakeratosis, zinc-responsive dermatosis.
zinc stearate
a compound of zinc with stearic and palmitic acids; used as a water-repellent protective powder in dermatoses.
zinc sulfate
a compound used as an ophthalmic astringent, in skin lotions (see white lotion), for sheep footrot, and the treatment of facial eczema. It is the common form of zinc for oral supplementation and treatment of zinc-responsive diseases.
zinc sulfate flotation test
used to demonstrate nematode eggs, protozoan cysts, and larvae in feces and bronchial secretions.
zinc sulfate turbidity test
1. serum globulins are precipitated by zinc sulfate. The test is used for the semiquantitative assessment of the immunological status of foals and calves when there is a question of whether they have suckled to receive immunoglubulins.
2. an outdated liver function test.
zinc undecylenate
a compound used topically in 20% ointment as an antifungal agent. See also undecylenic acid.
References in periodicals archive ?
All cases of acute zinc phosphide poisoning, which had presented to our emergency department (ED) over the past five years (January 1, 2010-June 30, 2015) were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed.
Clinical and laboratory data of 73 patients affected by zinc phosphide and presented to our ED were analyzed.
Pediatric patients (age <18 years) and patients who had consumed zinc phosphide by mixing with other substances or poisons (alcohol, sedatives etc) were excluded from the study.
The zinc phosphide bait concentration was selected based on the previous studies (16).
In treated areas the reopened burrows were baited by phostoxin tablets or zinc phosphide baits and then closed.
Key words: Indian crested porcupine, Hystrix indica, zinc phosphide, grain baits, groundnut, maize, saccharin.
Zinc phosphide is the most economical, commonly used and popular rodenticide in major parts of the world, but have limited value in rodent control due to its garlic-like smell and bitter taste (Sterner, 1994; Johnston et al.
Symptoms shown by the patients also conform with zinc phosphide (poisoning).
The tested ready-to-use baits were of zinc phosphide (2%) wax cake.
0375%) rice grain bait, zinc phosphide (2%) wax cake and zinc phosphide (2%) rice grain bait, respectively.
Key words: Hystrix indica, fresh bait, feeding preference, pest management, guava, carrot, potato, sweet potato, zinc phosphide.
Zinc phosphide is the most commonly used and popular rodenticide in major parts of the world, yet poison bait aversion is a problem associated with most of the acute rodenticides (Prakash, 1988; Idris and Prakash, 1992), therefore, a pre-baiting period of 2 - 3 days is usually suggested, before starting poison-baiting (Prakash, 1988).