xylose


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Related to xylose: Lyxose, xylopyranose, xylose test

xylose

 [zi´lōs]
a pentose found in mucopolysaccharides of connective tissue, sometimes the urine, and vegetable gum. d-Xylose is used in a diagnostic test of intestinal absorption (see malabsorption syndrome).
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

xy·lose (Xy, Xyl),

(zī'lōs),
An aldopentose, isomeric with ribose, obtained by fermentation or hydrolysis of naturally occurring carbohydrate substances, for example, in wood fiber. An important dietary component for herbivores. The d-isomer is also known as wood or beechwood sugar.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

xylose

(zī′lōs′)
n.
A crystalline monosaccharide, C5H10O5, that is a component of most hemicelluloses in plants. Also called wood sugar.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

xy·lose

(zī'lōs)
An aldopentose, isomeric with ribose, obtained by fermentation or hydrolysis of carbohydrate.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

xylose

a PENTOSE SUGAR that is present in plant cell walls. Formula: C5 H10 O5.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

xy·lose

(zī'lōs)
An aldopentose, isomeric with ribose, obtained by fermentation or hydrolysis of carbohydrate.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
As a control, we performed a growth curve for A, baumannii 34702 and K, pneumoniae 28296 with glucose or xylose as the sole carbon source to determine the bacterial growth rate.
Mutagenized conidia were grown in the Eggin's and Pugh medium with 2% xylose and 0.5% (w/v) 2DG.
Subsequently, 2 mL aliquots of this suspension were transferred to erlenmeyer flasks containing 100 mL of the culture medium with 30 g [L.sup.-1] of xylose, 2 g [L.sup.-1] of ammonium sulfate, 0.1 g [L.sup.-1] of calcium chloride and 20 g [L.sup.-1] of rice bran extract (obtained from heating in autoclave at 111[degrees]C-0.5 atm for 15 min with later centrifugation for 30 min under aseptic conditions at 2000 x g, subsequently using only the supernatant as rice bran extract solution) employed in the study of Lima et al.
Slininger, Gorsich and Liu (2009) observed that in a medium containing xylose, as the only carbon source, there was an increase in yeast resistance to furfural and hydroxymethyl furfural exposure.
pastoris does not harbour pentose utilization enzymes needed for fermentation of xylose to ethanol.
[X.sub.1], xylose; [X.sub.2], xylobiose; [X.sub.3], xylotriose; [X.sub.4], xylotetraose; [X.sub.5], xylopentaose; [X.sub.6], xylohexaose; Std, molecular weight standard mix of [X.sub.1] to [X.sub.6]; pNP-X, 4-nitrophenyl-[beta]-D- xylopyranoside.
Arabinose to xylose ratio is a measure of degree of substitution (DS).
Here, CB further degraded the intermediate product of CBH and EG hydrolysate (cellobiose) and further formed monosaccharide (glucose and xylose), which helped to decrease the feedback inhibition of reaction kinetics.
The reference compounds of L-rhamnose monohydrate (BCBL0552V, 98%) and xylose (WXBB5741V, 98%) were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich Co., Ltd., and D-mannose (LOTD1429046, 98%) and 3-Methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazoline-5-one (PMP, 99%) were from Aladdin Co., Ltd., and glucose (LOT110833-201205,98%) and galactose (LOT100226-201105, 98%) were purchased from the National Institute for Food and Drug control (Beijing, China).
In these analyses, the following dependent variables were considered: total sugars (TS), reducing sugars (RS), degree of polymerization (DP), glucose (GLUC), fructose (FRUC), xylose (XIL), sucrose (SUC), furfural (F), and hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF).