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A sedative/hypnotic/anesthetic widely used in veterinary medicine and in laboratory animals.


an analgesic and sedative which has become very popular for the immobilization of adult ruminants and is also registered for use in dogs, cats, horses, deer and elk. Often used in combination with ketamine. Care is needed with its use in cattle because of the very low dose required in that species. Xylazine also causes a marked increase in plasma growth hormone levels. Called also Rompun.

xylazine stimulation test
used in the diagnosis of abnormalities of pituitary function, e.g. pituitary dwarfism, and specifically deficiency of growth hormone. Plasma levels of growth hormone are measured before and after the intravenous administration of xylazine. In normal dogs, there is a marked increase but hypopituitary dogs fail to respond.
References in periodicals archive ?
RBC values of group B (Detomidine + Ketamine) showed significant difference compared with group C, D, and E (Acepromazine + Xylazine + Ketamine).
2,7) Different drugs have been used for intranasal sedation in birds, (2,3,7) including the [alpha]-2 agonists, such as xylazine (3,4,7,8,11) and dexmedetomidine; (6) opioids, such as butorphanol; (12) and benzodiazepines, such as midazolam (1,3,6,7,11,13) and diazepam, (2-4,7,8) with or without ketamine.
The H1 values were lower than those at H0, which was probably due to dysregulation of the thermoregulatory center, and the muscle relaxant effects of xylazine associated with potentiation by ketamine (LIMA
Manjunath (2013) opined that dehorning for horn fracture performed under general anaesthesia using Xylazine and Ketamine was better than dehorning under Xylazine sedation with cornual nerve block as former caused less pain and stress.
ABSTRACT The effects of dove oil, xylazine, cooling, carbon dioxide (C[O.
For experiments with small animals, it is commonly used a mixture of ketamine and xylazine as anesthetics.
Under sedation with isoflurane inhalation, all rats were subsequently anesthetized with intraperitoneal (IP) ketamine (100 mg/kg) plus xylazine (15 mg/kg) after being preoperatively hydrated by subcutaneous injection of 5 cc saline mixed with indigo carmine (5,5'-indigodisulfonic acid sodium salt, 0.
To reduce recovery time in cold temperatures (<-6 C) we changed immobilization for deer captured in rocket nets and clover traps to 2 ml xylazine hydrochloride (100 mg/ml; Lloyd Laboratories, Shenandoah, IA).
An experimental study was carried out on nine rabbits to compare the sedative and analgesic effects and also to record some physiological effects of xylazine at three different intramuscular doses i.
Relative efficiency of succinylcholine, xylazine, and carfentanil mixtures to immobilize free-ranging moose.
Shukla, "Studies on clinico-physiological and haemato-biochemical changes following epidural analgesia by ropivacaine and ropivacaine- xylazine combination in goats," Veterinary Practitioner, vol.
I used a carefully calibrated mixture of xylazine and ketamine to tranquilize the 200 kilo animal and then secured the animal so it would not move inside the helicopter.