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A sedative/hypnotic/anesthetic widely used in veterinary medicine and in laboratory animals.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
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Six pigeons were sedated with alfaxalone, xylazine, and medetomidine at separate times with a 1-week washout period between sedative administration.
Rest of the animals were anesthetized by giving intramuscular injection of a mixture of xylazine-ketamine hydrochloride (xylazine: 5mg/kg and ketamine: 35mg/kg)14.
After giving anesthesia (ketamine 40mg/kg body weight and xylazine hydrochloride 5-13 mg/kg body weight intramuscularly)9, an excisional wound of 3 mm wide and 1 mm deep was created on buccal mucosa of right side lateral to maxillary molar of every rabbit by using a standard punch biopsy tool.
Combination effect of propofol (6 mg/kg) and thiopentone sodium (8 mg/kg) administrated intravenously after premedication with xylazine hydrochloride (0.02 mg/kg) has been studied on six healthy female sheep using a crossover design.
Xylazine in Shumianning may cause bradycardia as it belongs to [alpha]2-adrenergic agonists.
Ketamine and xylazine were the most frequently used injectables in mice (79%) and in rats (70%).
Sedation was performed using a mixture of zolazepam and tiletamine (Zoletil 50 + 50 mg [ml.sup.-1]), either alone or in combination with xylazine (Fournier et al.
The animal was sedated with Xylazine hydrochloride @ 0.05mg/kg intramuscularly.
All of the rats were anesthetized with a single intraperitoneal injection of tiletamine-zolazepam (Zoletil 50, Virbac, France) at a dose of 60mg/kg body weight mixed with xylazine (Rompun, Bayer, Korea) at a dose of 5 mg/kg body weight; additional doses of this mixture were administered as needed.
Researchers have utilized a wide array of injectable anesthetic protocols including the use of barbiturates, ketamine, or xylazine with varying success [1-9].
Several anesthetic agents have been used to sedate small rodents during echocardiography, such as the combination of ketamine and xylazine (5,16), pentobarbital sodium (17), thiopental (18), isoflurane (6), and halothane (19).
ABSTRACT The effects of dove oil, xylazine, cooling, carbon dioxide (C[O.sub.2]), and magnesium sulfate (MgS[O.sub.4]) were evaluated separately, in normal, mature crabs (n = 55) of Portmus sanguinolentus having an average weight of 69.98 [+ or -] 3.56 g (mean [+ or -] SE).