xerostomia


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xerostomia

 [ze″ro-sto´me-ah]
dryness of the mouth from salivary gland dysfunction.

xe·ro·sto·mi·a

(zē'rō-stō'mē-ă),
A dryness of the mouth, having a varied etiology, resulting from diminished or arrested salivary secretion, or asialism.
[xero- + G. stoma, mouth]

xerostomia

(zîr′ə-stō′mē-ə)
n.
Abnormal dryness of the mouth.
A manifestation of salivary gland dysfunction with decreased secretion, characterised by dry, atrophic and/or inflammed oropharyngeal mucosa and salivary glands which eventually undergo fibrosis; it is most common in older women; it is associated with salivary gland dysfunction
Aetiology Sjögren syndrome, autoimmune disorders—systemic lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, systemic sclerosis, sarcoidosis—amyloidosis, hypothyroidism, RT 4000 cGy, drugs—e.g., atropine, antihistamines, amphetamines, anticholinergics, antidepressants (Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft, Xanax), valium, antihypertensives (Lopressor, Vasotec), opioids—thallium poisoning, fever, dehydration, mechanical—e.g., calculus in salivary duct—vitamin A deficiency, HIV-1, Candida infections, cancer, inadequate function of salivary glands (e.g., parotid glands)
Management Pilocarpine

xerostomia

 Dry mouth syndrome, see there.

xe·ro·sto·mi·a

(zēr'ō-stō'mē-ă)
A dryness of the mouth, having a varied etiology, resulting from diminished or arrested salivary secretion, or asialism.
[xero- + G. stoma, mouth]

xerostomia

Dry mouth.

Xerostomia

The medical term for dry mouth.
Mentioned in: Dry Mouth

xe·ro·sto·mi·a

(zēr'ō-stō'mē-ă)
Dryness of the mouth, having a varied etiology, resulting from diminished or arrested salivary secretion, or asialism.
[xero- + G. stoma, mouth]
References in periodicals archive ?
Antunes, Do Amaral e Dental erosion, changes in salivary Balbinot, 2007 (20) flow, xerostomia, caries and soft tissue alterations.
La paciente que participo en el estudio reporta facilidad en el retiro de las tapas, ausencia de nauseas, fonetica normal, higiene adecuada, comodidad, solucion parcial al problema de la xerostomia y duracion aproximada de tres horas una vez lleno el reservorio.
Xerostomia is regarded as decreased salivary flow, and this state is measured as one of the most essential signs of diabetes mellitus.
* Xerostomia increases in severity with increasing grade of OSMF.
No correlation was found between inflammation of the joints and age (p = 01), CRP level (p = 0.6), ESR (p = 0.6), FS (p = 0.4), leukocyte count (p = 0.7), RF titer (p = 0.8), gammaglobulin level (p = 0.6), severity of xerophthalmia (p = 0.6), and xerostomia (p = 0.2) as well as the presence of anti-SSA (p = 0.8), anti-SSB (p = 01), and anti-Ro52 (p = 02) antibodies.
Nearly 65% of the Parkinson's disease patients in our study reported xerostomia (Table 2), confirming previous results demonstrating or suggesting that xerostomia and the commonly underlying hyposalivation are prevalent complications of Parkinson's disease [28, 40].
Individuals who are on medications are more likely to experience reduction in salivary flow, which contributes to xerostomia. (18,19) Regardless of the cause, the significant reduction in the salivary flow found in older adults contributes to a decline in their quality of life.
It is considered that the benefit of the quality of life of patients irradiated by IMRT technique through the attenuation of xerostomia is more common in more than 6 months after completion of radiotherapy [5].
Pengaruh mengonsumsi nanas (Ananas comosus) terhadap laju aliran saliva pada lansia penderita xerostomia. J E-Gigi 2015; 3(2):454.
Many factors have been associated with xerostomia. The most common causes are: (4,5,6,7,8,9)
There were fewer than 10 participants reporting xerostomia. Details of the analyses are presented in Table 1.
Multiple conditions, including thirst and xerostomia, are associated with non-adherence.