xerostomia

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xerostomia

 [ze″ro-sto´me-ah]
dryness of the mouth from salivary gland dysfunction.

xe·ro·sto·mi·a

(zē'rō-stō'mē-ă),
A dryness of the mouth, having a varied etiology, resulting from diminished or arrested salivary secretion, or asialism.
[xero- + G. stoma, mouth]

xerostomia

(zîr′ə-stō′mē-ə)
n.
Abnormal dryness of the mouth.
A manifestation of salivary gland dysfunction with decreased secretion, characterised by dry, atrophic and/or inflammed oropharyngeal mucosa and salivary glands which eventually undergo fibrosis; it is most common in older women; it is associated with salivary gland dysfunction
Aetiology Sjögren syndrome, autoimmune disorders—systemic lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, systemic sclerosis, sarcoidosis—amyloidosis, hypothyroidism, RT 4000 cGy, drugs—e.g., atropine, antihistamines, amphetamines, anticholinergics, antidepressants (Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft, Xanax), valium, antihypertensives (Lopressor, Vasotec), opioids—thallium poisoning, fever, dehydration, mechanical—e.g., calculus in salivary duct—vitamin A deficiency, HIV-1, Candida infections, cancer, inadequate function of salivary glands (e.g., parotid glands)
Management Pilocarpine

xerostomia

 Dry mouth syndrome, see there.

xe·ro·sto·mi·a

(zēr'ō-stō'mē-ă)
A dryness of the mouth, having a varied etiology, resulting from diminished or arrested salivary secretion, or asialism.
[xero- + G. stoma, mouth]

xerostomia

Dry mouth.

Xerostomia

The medical term for dry mouth.
Mentioned in: Dry Mouth

xe·ro·sto·mi·a

(zēr'ō-stō'mē-ă)
Dryness of the mouth, having a varied etiology, resulting from diminished or arrested salivary secretion, or asialism.
[xero- + G. stoma, mouth]