xerophyte


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xerophyte

a plant that is adapted to growing in areas with low or irregular supplies of water. Various modifications can be noted which reduce water loss by TRANSPIRATION: sunken STOMATA (e.g. Pinus); rolled leaves with the stomata on the inner surface only (e.g. MARRAM GRASS); development of leaf spines (e.g. gorse); possession of small leaves (e.g. many heathers). Compare HYDROPHYTE, MESOPHYTE.
References in periodicals archive ?
No consensus from currently literature has been reached to determine whether blackbrush is a xerophytes or a sclerophyll since blackbrush leaves possess a number of morphological and anatomical traits that are common in both woody xerophytes and sclerophylls.
In China, crops, wild plants, tropical plants, alpine plants, halophytes, xerophyte, hydrophyte, geophyte, parasitic plants, are all found to be mycorrhizal.
They demonstrated that both assemblages are coeval and that the former represent hygrophyte associations and the latter, xerophyte ones; the vertical succession of floras is thus climatically controlled and any of them can be found in a time interval ranging from the Late Carboniferous to the Early Permian.
All modern species of Malesherbiaceae are xerophytes, so it is reasonable to assume that the common ancestor was also a xerophyte.
The vegetation of this desert consists of xerophytes, adjusted to low moisture, extremely hot temperature, and more salinity with wide variation of edaphic factors.
Yatay palm forest and forest of exotic xerophytes (white cedar Melia azedarach, Gigg's firethorn Pyracantha atalantoides, honey locust Gleditsia triacanthos, broad-leaf privet Ligustrum lucidum, Chinese privet Ligustrum sinense).
Simultaneous equations somehow, magically, morphed into cricketers' batting averages; xerophytes and pteridophytes in the botany class miraculously gave root to the simple curry leaf tree and its aromatic leaves that, when added to thinned, slightly chilled butter milk, made the most refreshing drink on a hot day of cricket under the summer sun.
Xerophytes plant species have mechanisms to overcome drought stress and these mechanism could be considered the endophytic association and interaction between plant and rhizobacteria able to improve the plant growth under abiotic stress conditions (2).
Baas and Carlquist (1985) emphasize the presence of the following characters in xerophytes and halophytes: small vessels (29-53 [mu]), high vessel frequency (92-150), semi-ring porous, and presence of fibre-tracheids.
Furthermore, xerophytes vegetation that favors beekeeping development also grows in the district.