Guidance for industry: source animal, product, preclinical, and clinical issues concerning the use of xenotransplantation
products in humans.
Lanza acknowledge, the earliest attempts at xenotransplantation
date back to the seventeenth century (27-28).
Wood et al., "No in vivo infection of triple immunosuppressed non-human primates after inoculation with high titers of porcine endogenous retroviruses," Xenotransplantation
also raises other ethical questions in relation to the wider community.
This is so even though the OECD/WHO 2001 Consultation on Xenotransplantation
Surveillance Summary stated, in part:
It would be essential, the document says, for xenotransplantation
research participants to understand that lifelong surveillance is critical, and that failure to comply could, in some cases, force legal action.
In the simulated negotiation for xenotransplantation
, stakeholders were X-Gen (the biotechnology company who had developed the procedure), the National Government, the World Health Organization, the Animal Rights Coalition (a non-governmental organization), and the Patient Rights' Organization (a second NGO).
offers an almost unlimited supply of organs and it also has the potential to assist patients suffering from many other illnesses, such as diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and haemophilia.
The process, known as xenotransplantation
, has been stalled because the human immune system recognises the animal organ and rejects it.
California Loma Linda University Medical Centre surgeon Leonard Bailey, however, suggested xenotransplantation
, the technical term for organ transplant between species.
It still hopes to sell off its xenotransplantation
arm, which was responsible for the birth of ``double-knockout'' pigs last month.
Surgeons used xenotransplantation
- the use of cells, tissues and organs from different species - to ``replumb'' the heart of three-year-old Rhiannon Astley, cousin of '80s pop star Rick.