xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis


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xan·tho·gran·u·lo·ma·tous py·e·lo·ne·phri·tis

a form of pyelonephritis that results in a chronic inflammatory condition; the kidney enlarges and becomes less functional or nonfunctional; characterized histologically by the presence of lipid-laden, foamy macrophages and multiple granulomas. Can mimic neoplasms and renal tuberculosis and is a global process that affects the whole kidney.
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xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis

Nephrology A malakoplakia-like kidney lesion that lacks Michaelis-Gutmann bodies, arising in an E coli or Proteus spp infection Complications Hydronephrosis, nephrolithiasis
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis

Abbreviation: XGP
A relatively rare form of chronic destructive kidney infection in which a kidney, usually one obstructed by stones, becomes enlarged, necrotic, and functionless. In most cases the diseased kidney is surgically removed.
See also: pyelonephritis
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References in periodicals archive ?
Fahad, "Renal squamous cell carcinoma presented with bone metastasis and coexistence with xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis: A case report," Urology Case Reports, vol.
Fine-needle aspiration cytology of xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis. Urology 1991;37: 376-9.
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is an uncommon encounter on the surgical pathology bench and is associated with long-term urinary tract obstruction and infection.
Rice, "Analysis of 35 cases of Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis," ANZ Journal of Surgery, vol.
Bilateral diffuse xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis. Br J Urol 1979;51:162-3http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-410X.1979.tb02854.x.
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis associated with transitional cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis.
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is a severe form of renal parenchymal inflammation that occurs in the presence of chronic obstruction and suppuration.
This was mainly dependent on indication for surgery as infective etiology like pyonephrosis, Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis and tuberculosis had a lengthy stay after surgery.
The autopsy was performed on a 50-year-old diabetic woman who was status postnephrectomy for xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis. She had been in the surgical intensive care unit for 34 days prior to her death.
The other variants of chronic pyelonephritis noted are Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis and Tuberculous pyelonephritis.