xanthochromia


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xanthochromia

 [zan″tho-kro´me-ah]
yellowish discoloration of the skin or spinal fluid. Xanthochromic spinal fluid usually indicates hemorrhage into the central nervous system and is due to the presence of xanthematin, a yellow pigment derived from hematin.

xan·tho·chro·mi·a

(zan'thō-krō'mē-ă),
Occurrence of patches of yellow color in the skin, resembling xanthoma, but without the nodules or plates.
Synonym(s): xanthoderma (1) , yellow disease, yellow skin (1)
[xantho- + G. chrōma, color]

xanthochromia

/xan·tho·chro·mia/ (-kro´me-ah) yellowish discoloration, as of the skin or spinal fluid.

xanthochromia

[zan′thəkrō′mē·ə]
a pale yellow or straw-colored discoloration of cerebrospinal fluid. It is caused by the presence of hemoglobin breakdown products, indicating that the cerebrospinal fluid has contained blood in the recent past.

xan·tho·chro·mi·a

(zan'thō-krō'mē-ă)
The occurrence of patches of yellow color in the skin, resembling xanthoma, but without the nodules or plates.
Synonym(s): xanthoderma (1) .
[xantho- + G. chrōma, color]

xanthochromia

yellowish discoloration of the skin or spinal fluid. Xanthochromic spinal fluid usually indicates hemorrhage into the central nervous system and is due to the presence of xanthematin.
References in periodicals archive ?
Xanthochromia is yellow-tinged supernatant of CSF, which results from a breakdown hemoglobin that follows a hemorrhage.
Xanthochromia is not pathognomonic for subarachnoid hemorrhage.
Q Our pathologist is interested in offering a semiquantitative assay for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) xanthochromia.
A Xanthochromia is the yellow color of CSF caused by bilirubin that has been converted in vivo from oxyhemoglobin resulting from bleeding.
The procedure is not necessarily ideally suited for a clinical laboratory environment, and most hospital laboratories in the United States still use subjective visual inspection to identify CSF xanthochromia (5).
We studied 144 CSF samples for which xanthochromia testing had been requested (Fig.
Xanthochromia (yellow color) is caused by breakdown of hemoglobin in the CSF that follows a hemorrhage, with resultant oxyhemoglobin, methemoglobin, and bilirubin formation.
2,6-7) This recommendation is based on one study, which demonstrated that between 12 hours and 2 weeks following the ictus, all patients with CT-proven SAH had xanthochromia as measured by spectrophotometry.
Detection of xanthochromia in cerebrospinal fluid [Technical Brief].
There has been much discussion at our facility about the correct way to report xanthochromia in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).
We previously published a method that determines xanthochromia in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to detect subarachnoid hemorrhage (1).
By definition, xanthochromia is the yellow discoloration indicating the presence of bilirubin in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and is used by some to differentiate in vivo hemorrhage from a traumatic LP.