workaholic


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work·a·hol·ic

(werk-ă-hol'ik),
A person who manifests a compulsive need to work, even at the expense of family responsibilities, social life, and health.
[by analogy with alcoholic]

Although increasingly recognized as a source of emotional distress, social malfunctioning, and physical illness, the pathologic need of some people to invest all their energy in goal-directed and intensive labor has not been deeply studied, nor is it named or defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). The workaholic may engage in physical or mental work or a combination of the two, and may work for an individual or a company, be self-employed, or engage in volunteer activities without remuneration. The typical workaholic seems incapable of relaxing and uses work not only as a source of livelihood but also as a form of recreation, substituting it for leisure pastimes such as socialization, hobbies, sports, and artistic and cultural pursuits. In this sense, work assumes the function of an addictive drug. Workaholics tend to postpone or omit meals, stay at work after others have gone home and even keep working until late at night, put in excessive amounts of overtime (sometimes failing to claim due compensation), and abuse nicotine, caffeine, alcohol, and other agents to assuage stress and withstand fatigue. The workaholic lifestyle is a common feature of various personality disorders, including a compulsion to achieve success, recognition, or advancement in one's chosen field of endeavor; a morbid absorption in the acquisition of wealth; and a need to immerse oneself in work as a distraction from the stresses or dissatisfactions of daily life. Some workaholic behavior is driven by family, social, or cultural expectations. Many workaholics manifest a compulsion to work even in childhood; some seem to be influenced by the example of a successful, driving parent, relative, family friend, or public figure. A workholic mentality may be engendered or fostered by an unduly demanding employer, or by one who makes overtime work either compulsory or highly rewarding as a means of limiting the total work force and thus curtailing the expense of fringe benefits. Long-term health effects of overwork include chronic fatigue, a decline in general health, increased incidence of illnesses and injuries, weight gain, increased use of tobacco and alcohol, deterioration of cognitive performance, emotional lability and depression, and increased mortality. In Japan, death from overwork (karoshi) is formally recognized as a compensable form of occupational disorder. Japanese courts have ruled that deaths from heart failure, stroke, and even suicide are examples of karoshi.

workaholic

(wûr′kə-hô′lĭk, -hŏl′ĭk)
n.
One who has a compulsive and unrelenting need to work.

work′a·hol′ism n.

work·a·hol·ic

(wŏrk'ă-hol'ik)
A person who manifests a compulsive need to work, even at the expense of family responsibilities, social life, and health.
[by analogy with alcoholic]

workaholic

A colloquial term for a person addicted to occupational or productive pursuits who has difficulty relaxing or enjoying familial, social, or leisure activities.
References in periodicals archive ?
Workaholics tend to be attracted to organizations that enhance and rate their workaholic conducts, and may self-report that they are considerably concerned with work as they have a lot of external requirements (Macfarlane and Macfarlane, 2015), but it is perfectly feasible that they may have preferred that profession/job for that specific grounds.
Published in the journal PLOS One, the study found that workaholics were more likely to have anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than non-workaholics.
that workaholic employees undertake their work activities for their conducive value.
When you are not able to completely disconnect yourself from work, for example all your important clients and co-workers have your cell number and your laptop is never out of sight, in case you need to log in at a moment's notice, even then you are a workaholic.
nurse workaholic and an ACoA (Adult child of an alcoholic) stated: "I love the drama and excitement of the ER - life and death situations, moving from one crisis to another.
Although their three-cluster solution found a cluster that matched Spence and Robbins' (1992) conceptualization of the workaholic, Aziz and Zickar (2006) stressed the importance of considering definable worker types in future research.
According to popular belief, Jack the workaholic is an organisation's poster child for an ideal employee.
Often the workaholic does make others who work around them question their own work pattern and style which may result in those who are easily influenced falling into the same trap.
(2007) suggested that people become workaholics because they possess a certain personality, because their social or cultural experiences facilitate workaholism, and/or because their workaholic behaviors are reinforced repeatedly.
Workaholism not only affects the individual work addict but also penetrates the lives of the workaholic's coworkers, friends, and family members.
Singh, who has a reputation as a workaholic, has been warned by his trainer not to take any risks that could cause an injury in the lead-up to the Atlanta tournament, which starts today.
Although studies on workaholism rose after the development of the Work Addiction RiskTest (Robinson, 1999) and the Workaholic Triad (Spence & Robbins, 1992), much research in this area is theoretical in nature and exists in popular magazines, books, and in clinical, counseling-related journals.