work hardening


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Related to work hardening: Precipitation hardening

work hardening

 
a rehabilitation program designed to restore functional and work capacities to the injured worker through application of graded work simulation. Included are activities designed to improve overall physical condition, including strength, endurance, and coordination specific to work activity, as well as means for coping with any remaining symptoms from the original problem, such as pain. Central to all work hardening programs is the reproduction of a work-like environment where tasks are designed to improve the patient's tolerance for productive work.



The goal of work hardening is to achieve an acceptable level of productivity for returning to one's former occupation or for meeting the demands of a specific new type of work. Therefore, worker behaviors and not just physical conditioning are addressed. These include having structured work times and duties, dressing appropriately for one's tasks, and conducting oneself in a worker-like manner. It is important to differentiate work hardening from work conditioning, which does not address these added concerns.
Treatment Personnel. Work hardening is generally administered by physical or occupational therapists, working independently or as part of a team, which might include physicians, vocational counselors, psychologists, and other rehabilitation professionals. Drug and alcohol specialists, ergonomists, orthotists, dieticians, and industrial nurses may also be involved in the program.
Settings. Work hardening programs can be found in rehabilitation and general acute hospitals, private physical or occupational therapy centers, vocational training facilities, and fully dedicated facilities or within private industry. When found in hospitals or therapy centers, programs either share space with other rehabilitation programs (mixed-use setting) or are in partitioned areas designed specifically for the purpose (dedicated space setting). Fully dedicated facilities, whose only use is work hardening activity, are generally thought to offer the best environment for worker rehabilitation since they provide the nearest reproduction of actual work experience.

work hardening

a highly structured, goal-oriented, individualized treatment program designed to maximize a person's ability to return to work. Work hardening uses work (real or simulated) as a treatment modality.

work hard·en·ing

(wŏrk hahr'dĕn-ing)
A multidisciplinary program where actual work tasks are performed to rehabilitate an injured worker in preparation for a return to the job.
See also: work conditioning

work hard·en·ing

(wŏrk hahr'dĕn-ing)
A multidisciplinary progam where actual work tasks are performed to rehabilitate an injured worker. The focus of therapy is to stimulate a regular work routine where therapy is regimented as a precursor to return to work.
See also: work conditioning
References in periodicals archive ?
Comparison of the work hardening of metallic sheets in bending-unbending and simple shear.
The effective strain contours revealed the nature of work hardening and residual deformation in the chip and the work piece.
Vocational rehabilitation, like work hardening, is rarely cost-effective if followed by unemployment.
A project investigating work hardening of austenitic manganese steels indicated that a magnetic constituent, thought to be epsilon carbide, was produced on the slip planes in this alloy when cold worked.
Microstructure evolution in the processing of steel is the focus of part two, which reviews the modelling of phase transformations in steel, unified constitutive equations and work hardening in microalloyed steels.
All parties involved should invest more in conservative care, which includes multidisciplinary/inter-disciplinary functional restoration programs, work hardening programs and cognitive behavioral therapy and coaching.
Due to the work hardening effect caused by the cutting forces it became evident that a diametrical behaviour is present.
The many variables of mechanical damage, such as the shape, depth and length of the defect; associated work hardening and pressure cycling effects and proximity to welds, severely complicate the issue of assessment.
When that happens, primers may not want to stay put and you can be sure the brass is going to get brittle with work hardening.
Xtra-Foamy eliminates work hardening, the process of a metal becoming harder during the cutting operation.
The pressure elongates and stretches the tube to the shape of the machined die cavity, with structural modifications and work hardening taking place that can develop higher strength properties in the formed part.
During the process, un-heated parts are forced into die cavities by forming punches to achieve a desired configuration, the friction between the forming tools and the material being formed results in an increase in temperature of the work piece resulting in a work hardening effect.