work hardening


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Related to work hardening: Precipitation hardening

work hardening

 
a rehabilitation program designed to restore functional and work capacities to the injured worker through application of graded work simulation. Included are activities designed to improve overall physical condition, including strength, endurance, and coordination specific to work activity, as well as means for coping with any remaining symptoms from the original problem, such as pain. Central to all work hardening programs is the reproduction of a work-like environment where tasks are designed to improve the patient's tolerance for productive work.



The goal of work hardening is to achieve an acceptable level of productivity for returning to one's former occupation or for meeting the demands of a specific new type of work. Therefore, worker behaviors and not just physical conditioning are addressed. These include having structured work times and duties, dressing appropriately for one's tasks, and conducting oneself in a worker-like manner. It is important to differentiate work hardening from work conditioning, which does not address these added concerns.
Treatment Personnel. Work hardening is generally administered by physical or occupational therapists, working independently or as part of a team, which might include physicians, vocational counselors, psychologists, and other rehabilitation professionals. Drug and alcohol specialists, ergonomists, orthotists, dieticians, and industrial nurses may also be involved in the program.
Settings. Work hardening programs can be found in rehabilitation and general acute hospitals, private physical or occupational therapy centers, vocational training facilities, and fully dedicated facilities or within private industry. When found in hospitals or therapy centers, programs either share space with other rehabilitation programs (mixed-use setting) or are in partitioned areas designed specifically for the purpose (dedicated space setting). Fully dedicated facilities, whose only use is work hardening activity, are generally thought to offer the best environment for worker rehabilitation since they provide the nearest reproduction of actual work experience.

work hard·en·ing

(wŏrk hahr'dĕn-ing)
A multidisciplinary program where actual work tasks are performed to rehabilitate an injured worker in preparation for a return to the job.
See also: work conditioning

work hard·en·ing

(wŏrk hahr'dĕn-ing)
A multidisciplinary progam where actual work tasks are performed to rehabilitate an injured worker. The focus of therapy is to stimulate a regular work routine where therapy is regimented as a precursor to return to work.
See also: work conditioning
References in periodicals archive ?
Comparison of the work hardening of metallic sheets in bending-unbending and simple shear.
Thus, high strength combined with superior work hardening and bake hardening, resulting in a significant increase in the as manufactured strength of AHSS components, also results in a better fatigue resistance.
The effective strain contours reveal the nature of work hardening and residual deformation in the chip and the work piece.
The hardness test results show that the microhardness of the as-sprayed Ti coating is 72 [+ or -] 28 [Hv.sub.0.1.] The coating hardness is slightly higher compared to pure Ti bulk (60 [HV.sup.20]), owing to the work hardening effect during deposition.
For polymers with limited ductility, the plastic deformation does not generate sufficient work hardening to stabilize the neck development process.
Vocational rehabilitation services in the United States have traditionally emphasized the provision of services for persons with disabilities who have vocational potential and have included vocational evaluation, functional assessment, work hardening and reconditioning, work-capacity evaluation, job-site analysis, job accommodations, job-seeking skills, employer development, employment skill training, job placement, and follow-up services (Tate, Heinrich, Paasuke, & Anderson, 1998).
Normally these particles become harder than the parent surface due to system "work hardening." If the particles are not removed, recirculation accelerates additional wear.
Vocational rehabilitation can be defined as a series of six identifiable stages: Screening, Diagnostics, Work Evaluation, Adjustment Planning, Work Hardening, and Job Placement (Wright, 1980).
The pain clinic's section provides an overview of a client's potential need for securing a variety of services including medical assessment and evaluation, psychological evaluation and treatment, physical therapy, biofeedback and relaxation training, exercise and therapeutic recreation, vocational rehabilitation counseling, and work hardening and occupational therapy.
* Work hardening programs, work capacity evaluations.
UTA is reducing its workers' compensation costs by having employees use the in-house facilities for work hardening, self-directed therapy, and injury-related reconditioning.