methanol

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methanol

 [meth´ah-nol]
a poisonous colorless liquid used as a solvent and fuel; ingestion may cause blindness or death. Called also methyl or wood alcohol.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

meth·yl al·co·hol

CH3OH; a flammable, toxic, mobile liquid, used as an industrial solvent, antifreeze, and in chemical manufacture; ingestion may result in severe acidosis, visual impairment, and other effects on the central nervous system.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

methanol

A polar alcohol used as an industrial solvent; it is miscible with water, ethanol, ether, and petroleum derivatives (e.g., gasoline), and can be found in canned fuel and in antifreeze, from which it may be abused as an inebriant by indigent alcoholics. Methanol is metabolised to formaldehyde and formate, causing severe metabolic acidosis, optic nerve damage and blindness.
 
Toxic range
60–250 ml; as little as 15 ml can be fatal.

Management
Overload patient with ethanol, which competes with methanol for sites on alcohol dehydrogenase, reducing methanol metabolites and toxicity.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

methanol

Toxicology A polar alcohol used as an industrial solvent miscible with water, ethanol, ether, petroleum derivatives–eg, gasoline, in canned fuel and in antifreeze, where it may be abused as an inebriant by indigent alcoholics; methanol is metabolized to formaldehyde and formate, causing significant metabolic acidosis and optic nerve damage and blindness Toxic range 60-250 ml; as little as 15 ml has been fatal Management Overload Pt with ethanol–which competes with methanol for sites on alcohol dehydrogenase, reducing methanol metabolites and toxicity
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

meth·yl al·co·hol

(meth'il al'kŏ-hol)
A flammable, toxic, mobile liquid, used as an industrial solvent and antifreeze, and in the manufacture of chemicals; ingestion may result in severe acidosis, visual impairment, and other effects on the central nervous system.
Synonym(s): methanol.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

meth·yl al·co·hol

(meth'il al'kŏ-hol)
Flammable toxic liquid, used as an industrial solvent, antifreeze, and in chemical manufacture; ingestion may result in severe acidosis and other effects on the central nervous system.
Synonym(s): methanol.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
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