womb

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uterus

 [u´ter-us] (pl. u´teri) (L.)
the hollow muscular organ in female mammals in which the zygote (fertilized ovum) normally becomes embedded and in which the developing embryo and fetus is nourished; in humans it is normally about the size and shape of a pear. Called also metra and womb.



The upper part of the uterus, or fundus uteri, is broad and flattened; the middle part (body), or corpus uteri, is large and open; and the lower part, or cervix uteri, is narrow and tubular and opens downward into the vagina. Two fallopian tubes enter the uterus at the upper end, one on each side. The walls of the uterus are composed of muscle, and its lining is mucous membrane. The muscular substance of the uterus is called the myometrium, and the inner lining is called the endometrium. Between puberty and menopause, the lining goes through a monthly cycle of growth and discharge, known as the menstrual cycle. menstruation is the time in the cycle when the tissue prepared by the uterus for a possible embryo or fertilized egg is unused and passes out through the vagina.

The menstrual cycle is interrupted by pregnancy when a mature ovum is fertilized by a spermatozoon. Fertilization usually takes place in the fallopian tube; the fertilized ovum continues moving along the tube and comes to rest in the uterus, where it implants in the endometrium. The endometrium then serves to anchor the placenta, which filters nutrients from the mother's blood into the blood of the growing fetus. (See also reproduction and female reproductive organs.)
Disorders of the Uterus. The main organs of the female reproductive system, the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, are connected to each other by ligaments that normally hold each in its proper place. Occasionally childbirth causes displacement of the uterus. The ligaments may stretch and weaken enough to permit the uterus to bulge into the vagina. This is called a prolapsed uterus. The uterus is also subject to cancer as well as to benign growths in the uterine wall, called leiomyomas.
Uterus and uterine tubes. From Applegate, 2000.
uterus didel´phys the existence of two distinct uteri in the same individual; called also didelphia and uterus duplex.
duplex uterus (uterus du´plex) uterus didelphys.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

u·ter·us

, pl.

u·ter·i

(yū'tĕr-ŭs, ū'ter-ī), [TA]
The hollow muscular organ in which the ootid is developed into the embryo and fetus; it is about 7.5-cm long in a nonpregnant woman; consists of a main portion (body) with an elongated lower part (cervix), at the extremity of which is the opening (external os). The upper rounded portion of the uterus, opposite the os, is the fundus, at each extremity of which is the horn marking the part where the uterine tube joins the uterus and through which the morula reaches the uterine cavity after leaving the uterine tube. The organ is passively supported in the pelvic cavity by the vagina and paracolpium and by the anteflexion and anteversion of the normal uterus, which places its mass superior to the bladder; it is actively supported by the tonic and phasic contraction of the muscles of the pelvic floor.
Synonym(s): metra, womb
[L.]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

womb

(wo͞om)
n.
See uterus.

wombed adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

u·ter·us

, pl. uteri (yū'tĕr-ŭs, -ī) [TA]
The hollow muscular organ in which the blastocyst develops into a fetus; it consists of a main portion (body) with an elongated lower part (cervix), at the extremity of which is the opening (os). The upper rounded portion of the uterus, opposite the os, is the fundus, at each extremity of which is the horn marking the part where the uterine tube joins the uterus and through which the morula reaches the uterine cavity after leaving the uterine tube. The organ is supported in the pelvic cavity by the broad ligaments, round ligaments, cardinal ligaments, and rectouterine and vesicouterine folds or ligaments.
Synonym(s): metra, womb.
[L.]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

womb

See UTERUS.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

womb

See UTERUS (2).
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Patient discussion about womb

Q. Is it safe to have sex with a woman with cancer of the uterus? My 45-years old wife was told she have cancer in the uterus, and will have an operation soon. Meanwhile, should we use a condom during sex? Can the tumor pass from her to me (like AIDS or HPV)?

A. unless the cancer has lots of bleeding, you don't need to use condoms.
but if your wife would undergo an operation, maybe you need to be off-of-that-sex 1-2 days prior to operation day, just to make sure there's no super infection that will bother the operation plan.

Q. I had my uterus removed in 2000, what exercises are effective for firming the flab that we women deal with? exercises to firm muscles of tummy after uterus is removed

A. pelvic muscles exercise is very important in order to avoid unpleasant situations and procedures. i once had the pleasure of seeing a surgery done in order to fix a complication of weak pelvic muscles.
not a very nice surgery.

here are some sites that give nice exercises:
http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/women/reproductive/gynecologic/642.html

http://www.seekwellness.com/incontinence/how_to_do_pelvic_muscle_exercise.htm

Q. Can the fetus hear through the womb? My wife wants to play music to our baby and put earphones on her pregnant stomach so he can hear it. Can he really hear the music?

A. Yes, he can hear. Studies show that from the 5th month of pregnancy, nice and calm music can sooth the fetus. You can expose your baby to sounds, music and different tunes throughout your pregnancy.

More discussions about womb
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References in periodicals archive ?
Another theory is that certain cells in the pelvis retain the ability to change themselves and transform into the womblike cells.
In The Female Malady, Showalter writes that the Victorian 'rest cure' forced women back into a state of 'womblike dependency' (139).
Instead, medical professionals recommend simulating a "fourth trimester" for infants, in which womblike conditions are re-created, reducing the likelihood of the startle reflex.
The warmth and nurturance of the womblike colored world was slowly and inevitably disappearing."
What could sound more sea-like, womblike (trundle bed, bundle of joy) than these two phrases with their syntax withholding the subject of the sentence and thus reinforcing the sense of unending suspension?
The Gnostic self, soul or "spark" seeks to return to a comforting, womblike solitude, "at peace when it is alone with an abyss that preceded the world God made" and "in which the inner loneliness is at home in an outer loneliness" identified as the solitary nature of God (31).
Kilgore (played with particular panache by Keith David), a hard-shell Army despot who has dragged our three heroes off their womblike National Guard base and whipped them into something resembling human form.
The Palace has the same womblike cosiness of Liverpool's Asha, with its ornate booths down each side of the pale blue walls sparkling in what looks like stardust sprinkled on its delicatelylit interior.
In Krog's poem, and to a lesser extent in Zagajewski's "Fire", the skull is portrayed as a womblike cavity, which, in psychoanalytic terms, may be seen as an intra-uterine phantasm, as described by Ettinger (2004:80) within the "matrixial" framework, according to which a cavity is also a passage.
Cartarescu eschews straightforward political commentary in favor of poetic excursions into the soul's intimate spaces, the womblike environments of dreams, and the magical world of games, all providing an alternative to the confining official culture.
18.400) by Thetis and Eurynome, the female nymphs who took him to their bosom ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], 18.398); unbeknownst to either mortals or immortals (18.403-4), he is kept protected in the womblike enclosure of an underwater hollow cave ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], 18.402) encircled by the stream of Oceanus.
In drawing up the opposition between our world and the circus world, Genet posits a distinction between our world and its need for order and stability and the protective, womblike structure of the circus tent.