aconite

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Related to winter aconites: Eranthis hyemalis

aconite

 [ak´ah-nīt]
an extremely toxic substance from the dried root of Aconitum napellus (monkshood or wolfsbane), containing several closely related alkaloids, principally aconitine. It has variable effects on the heart leading to heart failure and it also affects the central nervous system; poisoning can be fatal, and with large doses death may be instantaneous. It was formerly used as an antipyretic and cardiac and respiratory depressant and topically as a counterirritant and local anesthetic.

ac·o·nite

(ak'ō-nīt),
The dried root of Aconitum napellus (family Ranunculaceae), commonly known as monkshood or wolfsbane; a powerful and rapid-acting poison formerly used as an antipyretic, diuretic, diaphoretic, anodyne, cardiac and respiratory depressant, and externally as an analgesic.

aconite

(ăk′ə-nīt′)
n.
1. Any of various usually poisonous perennial herbs of the genus Aconitum in the buttercup family, having tuberous roots, palmately lobed leaves, and blue, purple, or white flowers with a large hoodlike upper sepal.
2. The dried leaves and roots of some of these plants, which yield a poisonous alkaloid that was formerly used medicinally. In both senses also called monkshood, wolfsbane.

aconite

Herbal medicine
An alkaloid derived from the plant by the same name, which formerly had currency as a medicinal herb; given aconite’s toxicity, it is no longer used in herbal medicine.

Toxicity
Abdominal pain, anxiety, blurred vision, bradycardia, burning sensation, cardiac arrhythmias, chest pain, diaphoresis, dyspnoea, impaired speech, muscular weakness, nausea, paresthesias, vertigo, vomiting, and possibly death due to respiratory failure or ventricular fibrillation.

Management
Gastric lavage, atropine, digitalis.
 
Homeopathy
A homeopathic remedy for treating swelling, fever, infections, restlessness, anxiety and panic attacks, and parasthesias; it has also been used for anginal pain, arrhythmias, arthritis, asthma, bronchitis, respiratory infections, laryngitis, sore throat, toothaches. In homeopathy, aconite’s concentration is extremely low, thus reducing its potential toxicity.

ac·o·nite

(ak'ŏ-nīt)
The dried root of Aconitum napellus (family Ranunculaceae), commonly known as wolfsbane; a powerful and rapid-acting poison formerly used as an antipyretic, diuretic, diaphoretic, anodyne, cardiac and respiratory depressant, and externally as an analgesic.
Synonym(s): fu tzu, monkshood.
[L. aconitum, fr. G. akoniton]

aconite

A poisonous mixture of alkaloids derived from the roots of the plant Aconitum napellus . Also known as Wolf's bane, Monskhood and Friar's cowl. Aconite is no longer used in medicine.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ask Clive Q I have never had much success with winter aconites. Can you give me some tips please?
Lift overcrowded clumps of snowdrops and winter aconites, separate them and replant them at their original depth.
Thin out winter aconites while the plants are in active growth, digging up small clumps with roots and moving to a new site.
Whatever your preoccupations, you can convert your garden from winter wreckage to spring finery over the coming weekend by following this checklist: FLOWERS: Divide clumps of winter aconites and snowdrops after they have flowered to spread the colony.
They go well among snowdrops and winter aconites. Scilla thrive in any well-drained, moist soil.
Crocuses, daffodils, hyacinths, squills, snowdrops, snowflakes, golden winter aconites, blue dwarf irises and tulips all look superb as they grow up through lower plants and open their flowers.
WINTER aconites (Eranthis hyemalis), with its starry golden flowers, will brighten up your garden on even the dullest winter's day.
OK, this week's offer is a bit of a cheat, but winter aconites, or Eranthis hyemalis, will give you the look of summer wildflowers upon glossy green foliage from January through to March.
Replant snowdrops and winter aconites now that their flowers have faded.
Look out for crocus chrysanthus (above left), which come with white, yellow, orange and mauve blooms, snowdrops, cyclamen, iris reticulata (left), with its deep purple gold blooms and slight scent, and the buttercuplike flowers of winter aconites, which will light up any garden on a dull day.
Given these conditions, our native wild Primrose will associate itself with many other woodland favourites, including Snowdrops (Galanthus nivalis), Winter Aconites (Eranthus hyemalis), Periwinkle (Vinca minor), Cyclamen hederifolium, Narcissi and Violas.
officinalis Icterina, a gold variegated type, keeps its fresh looking yellow leaves all year, particularly when grown in a sheltered spot, and makes a good background for early bulbs such as winter aconites.