lobelia

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lo·be·li·a

(lō-bē'lē-ă),
1. The dried leaves and tops of Lobelia inflata (family Lobeliaceae); lobelia contains several alkaloids: lobeline, lobelamine, lobelanidine, lobelanine, norlobelanine, norlobelanidine, and isolobelanine. The fluid extract and the tincture have been used as an expectorant in asthma and chronic bronchitis.
2. One of a class of alkaloids isolated from lobelia (1).
3. Any plant of the genus Lobelia.
Synonym(s): asthma-weed (1) , wild tobacco

lobelia

Herbal medicine
An annual or biennial plant that contains alkaloids (isolobinine, lobelanidine, lobeline, lobinaline), chelidonic acid, fats and resin. Lobelia is emetic and expectorant, and was once used for asthma, respiratory complaints and for tobacco withdrawal syndrome (due to the content of lobeline); it has been applied topically for bites, poison ivy and fungal infections.

Toxic effects
Nausea, vomiting, coma, and possibly death by paralysis; it is deemed it poisonous by the FDA.
References in periodicals archive ?
Wild tobacco (Nicotiana attenuata) is related to those plant species which are used for the production of smoking tobacco.
rusticum, wild tobacco, still cultivated in eastern Europe and, surprisingly, in the Balearic Islands, and N.
In a pilot study on wild tobacco, Nicotiana attenuata, I examined the effects of leaf damage in the absence of leaf area removal on flower size.
As part of the grant, more than six hectares of Oxford Creek in the Narrabeen Lagoon Catchment will undergo removal of noxious and aquatic weeds including the Bidens, Cotton Bush, Crofton, Ludwigia, Turkey Rhubarb, Morning Glory, Lantana, Privet, Bamboo, Wild tobacco, Tradescantia, Watsonia, Moth vine, Honeysuckle vine, Madeira vine, Cassia, Coral tree, Blackberry, Asparagus fern, Ginger lily, Pampas grass.
Meanwhile, Johannes van Staden and his colleagues in South Africa had been testing compounds on their local flora, and Ian Baldwin, now at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, focused on Nicotiana attenuata, one of the wild tobacco relatives native to the U.S.