whiplash injury


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whip·lash in·ju·ry

popular term for flexion-extension injury.

whiplash injury

Etymology: ME, whippen + lasshe + L, ijuria
Usage notes: (informal)
an injury to the cervical vertebrae or their supporting ligaments and muscles marked by pain and stiffness. It usually results from sudden acceleration or deceleration, such as in a rear-end car collision that causes violent back-and-forth movement of the head and neck.

whiplash injury

Emergency medicine Hyperextension injury to the neck, most often in passengers from vehicle A, struck from behind by a fast-moving vehicle B; WIs have been ↓↓↓ by the high-backed headrests now standard in automobiles; nonetheless, WIs affect from 120,000 to 1 million people/yr–US; although most become asymptomatic within a few wks, 20-40% develop the so-called late whiplash syndrome; cervical zygapophyseal joint pain is common in WI, and was once treated with corticosteroids; 90% of WIs are self-limited, requiring neither radiology nor treatment Management Per Quebec Task Force on Whiplash-Associated Disorders. See Late whiplash syndrome, Quebec classification, Steering wheel syndrome.

whip·lash in·ju·ry

(wip'lash in'jŭr-ē)
An imprecise term for various injuries resulting from sudden and violent hyperextension of the head on the trunk, followed by hyperflexion, as in a motor vehicle collision. Can include fractures, subluxations, sprains, muscle strains, and cerebral concussion.
Synonym(s): acceleration-deceleration injury.

whiplash injury

A neck injury caused by the application of sudden accelerative or decelerative forces to the body so that the neck bends acutely in a direction opposite to the direction of the force. This results in immediate reflex contraction of the stretched muscles so that the head is jerked in the other direction. Neck ligaments may be stretched or torn or a neck VERTEBRAE may be fractured. There is pain and disability, often for weeks, and an orthopaedic collar may be needed.

whiplash injury

damage to the structures of the neck, particularly the cervical vertebrae, muscles, tendons and ligaments and, most importantly, the spinal cord and nerve roots. Term describes the mechanism of injury rather than a precise diagnosis. Usually caused by the sudden, uncontrolled movement of the neck forwards and backwards, like the crack of a whip. Seen in road traffic accidents when a vehicle comes to a sudden stop at speed. In sport, most common in rugby and American football when a player is tackled. See also spinal injury.

Patient discussion about whiplash injury

Q. I have hurt my cervical spine and shoulder in a rear end car crash in July. Why does it still hurt?

A. Spine and back injuries are known to to be causing a lot of pain and discomfort and for a long period of time. You should try and do some mellow exercise and physiotherapy that might help you a lot. If the pain is unbarable, you should consult your doctor about using pain medications.

More discussions about whiplash injury
References in periodicals archive ?
Your doctor may suggest different treatments depending on how severe your whiplash injury is.
We were unable to find any reference in the literature to a correlation between TMJ injury and radiographic findings of whiplash injury that would justify the study design employed here.
7% and whiplash injury will become an increasingly important factor in future premium increases.
Only one in 100 people suffered a whiplash injury in the past year
This shows that 1,200 people claim for whiplash injury every day following a motor collision, an increase of 25 per cent over the past five years.
In qualifying this, Stevensadds that scientific advances in our understanding of whiplash and crash dynamics increasingly allow medical and engineering experts to identify which bumps simply couldn't have caused a serious whiplash injury
Although whiplash injury protection is not regulated by European standards or safety organisations, injuries caused by rear impacts can prove to be serious.
The Kent batsman replaces Surrey's Mark Butcher, who was forced to pull out of the game with a whiplash injury.
Martyn Jones, MP for Clwyd South, broke his wrist, suffered a whiplash injury to his neck, a twisted knee and bruising and scratches to his face when his Volvo car was in collision with another near Cardiff last year.
11 /PRNewswire/ -- While it has long been known that whiplash can cause injuries to the cervical spine, a new study published in the July issue of the journal Brain Injury, ("Chiari and Whiplash Injury," co-authored by Ezriel E.
com, the UK's leading whiplash injury claims lawyers, is today warning of the need for greater awareness of the dangers of whiplash and related neck injuries in motoring accidents, and especially the ability to claim compensation in the event of such an injury.
A MOTORIST suffered a whiplash injury in a crash on the A45 at the traffic island with the B4455, near Stretton-on-Dunsmore.