whiplash injury


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whip·lash in·ju·ry

popular term for flexion-extension injury.

whiplash injury

Etymology: ME, whippen + lasshe + L, ijuria
Usage notes: (informal)
an injury to the cervical vertebrae or their supporting ligaments and muscles marked by pain and stiffness. It usually results from sudden acceleration or deceleration, such as in a rear-end car collision that causes violent back-and-forth movement of the head and neck.

whiplash injury

Emergency medicine Hyperextension injury to the neck, most often in passengers from vehicle A, struck from behind by a fast-moving vehicle B; WIs have been ↓↓↓ by the high-backed headrests now standard in automobiles; nonetheless, WIs affect from 120,000 to 1 million people/yr–US; although most become asymptomatic within a few wks, 20-40% develop the so-called late whiplash syndrome; cervical zygapophyseal joint pain is common in WI, and was once treated with corticosteroids; 90% of WIs are self-limited, requiring neither radiology nor treatment Management Per Quebec Task Force on Whiplash-Associated Disorders. See Late whiplash syndrome, Quebec classification, Steering wheel syndrome.

whip·lash in·ju·ry

(wip'lash in'jŭr-ē)
An imprecise term for various injuries resulting from sudden and violent hyperextension of the head on the trunk, followed by hyperflexion, as in a motor vehicle collision. Can include fractures, subluxations, sprains, muscle strains, and cerebral concussion.
Synonym(s): acceleration-deceleration injury.

whiplash injury

A neck injury caused by the application of sudden accelerative or decelerative forces to the body so that the neck bends acutely in a direction opposite to the direction of the force. This results in immediate reflex contraction of the stretched muscles so that the head is jerked in the other direction. Neck ligaments may be stretched or torn or a neck VERTEBRAE may be fractured. There is pain and disability, often for weeks, and an orthopaedic collar may be needed.

Patient discussion about whiplash injury

Q. I have hurt my cervical spine and shoulder in a rear end car crash in July. Why does it still hurt?

A. Spine and back injuries are known to to be causing a lot of pain and discomfort and for a long period of time. You should try and do some mellow exercise and physiotherapy that might help you a lot. If the pain is unbarable, you should consult your doctor about using pain medications.

More discussions about whiplash injury
References in periodicals archive ?
Further, whether whiplash injury prevention factored into vehicle acquisition decision-making or driver training was also examined.
The investigators included only patients with persistent neck pain, tenderness in neck muscles and other soft tissues by palpation, and decreased range of neck motion 3 months after the whiplash injury.
Your doctor may suggest different treatments depending on how severe your whiplash injury is.
We were unable to find any reference in the literature to a correlation between TMJ injury and radiographic findings of whiplash injury that would justify the study design employed here.
Johnny Sexton, with his neck and shoulder, it's more of a whiplash injury," said Schmidt, "and he is certainly feeling a lot better, 48 hours post-game.
7% and whiplash injury will become an increasingly important factor in future premium increases.
Leinster coach Joe Schmidt, who saw his side fall to sixth in the table said: "There was no contact when Andrew got injured - he hit the ground with his shoulder and it looked like a whiplash injury.
The insurance company claims many whiplash injury claims are fraudulent.
Whiplash injury claims are forcing up motor insurance premiums by an average of pounds 66, it is claimed.
In qualifying this, Stevensadds that scientific advances in our understanding of whiplash and crash dynamics increasingly allow medical and engineering experts to identify which bumps simply couldn't have caused a serious whiplash injury
Although whiplash injury protection is not regulated by European standards or safety organisations, injuries caused by rear impacts can prove to be serious.
Whiplash injury claim QA car ran into the back of mine six months ago.