whiplash injury


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whip·lash in·ju·ry

popular term for flexion-extension injury.

whiplash injury

Emergency medicine Hyperextension injury to the neck, most often in passengers from vehicle A, struck from behind by a fast-moving vehicle B; WIs have been ↓↓↓ by the high-backed headrests now standard in automobiles; nonetheless, WIs affect from 120,000 to 1 million people/yr–US; although most become asymptomatic within a few wks, 20-40% develop the so-called late whiplash syndrome; cervical zygapophyseal joint pain is common in WI, and was once treated with corticosteroids; 90% of WIs are self-limited, requiring neither radiology nor treatment Management Per Quebec Task Force on Whiplash-Associated Disorders. See Late whiplash syndrome, Quebec classification, Steering wheel syndrome.

whip·lash in·ju·ry

(wip'lash in'jŭr-ē)
An imprecise term for various injuries resulting from sudden and violent hyperextension of the head on the trunk, followed by hyperflexion, as in a motor vehicle collision. Can include fractures, subluxations, sprains, muscle strains, and cerebral concussion.
Synonym(s): acceleration-deceleration injury.

whiplash injury

A neck injury caused by the application of sudden accelerative or decelerative forces to the body so that the neck bends acutely in a direction opposite to the direction of the force. This results in immediate reflex contraction of the stretched muscles so that the head is jerked in the other direction. Neck ligaments may be stretched or torn or a neck VERTEBRAE may be fractured. There is pain and disability, often for weeks, and an orthopaedic collar may be needed.

Patient discussion about whiplash injury

Q. I have hurt my cervical spine and shoulder in a rear end car crash in July. Why does it still hurt?

A. Spine and back injuries are known to to be causing a lot of pain and discomfort and for a long period of time. You should try and do some mellow exercise and physiotherapy that might help you a lot. If the pain is unbarable, you should consult your doctor about using pain medications.

More discussions about whiplash injury
References in periodicals archive ?
Subsequent to the survey, a 30 minute educational presentation was conducted focusing on the causes, consequences, and prevention of whiplash injury, as well as the societal costs of whiplash injuries.
Reports suggest that more than three per cent of adults who are in a vehicle during a rear-end collision, experience a whiplash injury. Wearing seatbelts may cause more whiplash injuries, but more serious head injuries may be prevented.
As a result of the selection criteria for study, the QTF could not generalize its results to the majority of the population at risk for whiplash injury.
"Johnny Sexton, with his neck and shoulder, it's more of a whiplash injury," said Schmidt, "and he is certainly feeling a lot better, 48 hours post-game."
Three in five doctors spent less than ten minutes assessing a whiplash injury and only 5% agree strongly with the statement that they have enough time to deal with these patients effectively.
"Over the past year the average premium for a comprehensive car insurance policy increased by 8.7% and whiplash injury will become an increasingly important factor in future premium increases."
The 19-year-old Ireland U20 star had to be carried off after suffering a whiplash injury in the 19-15 reverse.
Whiplash injury alone costs insurers pounds 1.9bn a year and accounts for 75 per cent of all bodily injury claims.
The insurance company claims many whiplash injury claims are fraudulent.
Whiplash injury claims are forcing up motor insurance premiums by an average of pounds 66, it is claimed.
In qualifying this, Stevensadds that scientific advances in our understanding of whiplash and crash dynamics increasingly allow medical and engineering experts to identify which bumps simply couldn't have caused a serious whiplash injury
Although whiplash injury protection is not regulated by European standards or safety organisations, injuries caused by rear impacts can prove to be serious.