# probability

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## probability

[prob″ah-bil´ĭ-te]
the likelihood of occurrence of a specified event, which is often represented as a number between 0 (never) and 1 (always) that corresponds to the long-run frequency at which the event occurs in a sequence of random independent trials under identical conditions, as the number of trials approaches infinity.

## prob·a·bil·i·ty (P),

(prob'ă-bil'i-tē),
1. A measure, ranging from 0 to 1, of the likelihood of truth of a hypothesis or statement.
2. The limit of the relative frequency of an event in a sequence of N random trials as N approaches infinity.

## probability

Statistics p value The likelihood that an event will occur by chance alone, and given a value between 0–impossible and 1–certain; the higher the p value, the more likely that 2 or more sets of overlapping variables occurred randomly–ie, the less the likelihood that the 2 events are associated; the lower the p value, the greater is the likelihood that the events are not random associations–counterintuitive, but think it out in a dark quiet room, you'll get it. See Conditional probability, Empirical probability, Gaussian probability, Personal probability, Prior probability, Theoretic probability Vox populi An expression of the likelihood that a specific event will occur.

## prob·a·bil·i·ty

(prob'ă-bil'i-tē)
1. A measure, ranging from 0-1, of the degree of belief in a hypothesis or statement.
2. The limit of the relative frequency of an event in a sequence of N random trials as N approaches infinity.

See P-VALUE.

## probability

the likelihood that a given event will occur. Probability is expressed either as values between zero (complete certainty that an event will not occur) and 1.0 (complete certainty that an event will occur) or percentage values between 0 and 100. Probability is used widely in SIGNIFICANCE tests.

## prob·a·bil·i·ty

(prob'ă-bil'i-tē)
A measure, ranging from 0-1, of the degree of belief in a hypothesis or statement.