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N.C., 20th-century U.S. pathologist. See: Foot reticulin impregnation stain.


1. The distal part of the leg. Synonym(s): pes (1)
2. A unit of length, containing 12 inches, equal to 30.48 cm.
[A.S. fōt]


1. the distal portion of the leg, upon which an individual stands and walks; in humans, the tarsus, metatarsus, phalanges, and the surrounding tissue.
2. something resembling this structure.
3. a unit of linear measure, 12 inches, equal to 0.3048 meter.

athlete's foot  tinea pedis.
cleft foot  a congenitally deformed foot in which the division between the third and fourth toes extends into the metatarsal region, often with ectrodactyly.
club foot  see talipes.
dangle foot , drop foot footdrop.
flat foot  flatfoot.
immersion foot  a condition resembling trench foot occurring in persons who have spent long periods in water.
Madura foot  mycetoma of the foot.
march foot  painful swelling of the foot, usually with fracture of a metatarsal bone, after excessive foot strain.
pericapillary end foot , perivascular foot, sucker foot a terminal expansion of the cytoplasmic process of an astrocyte against the wall of a capillary in the central nervous system.
trench foot  a condition of the feet resembling frostbite, due to the prolonged action of water on the skin combined with circulatory disturbance due to cold and inaction.


n. pl. feet (fēt)
1. The lower extremity of the vertebrate leg that is in direct contact with the ground in standing or walking.
2. A structure used for locomotion or attachment in an invertebrate animal, such as the muscular organ extending from the ventral side of a mollusk.
3. Abbr. ft. or ft A unit of length in the US Customary and British Imperial systems equal to 12 inches (0.3048 meter). See Table at measurement.


Etymology: AS, fot
the distal extremity of the leg, consisting of the tarsus, the metatarsus, and the phalanges.
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Bones of the foot


Anatomy The distal part of the lower extremity on which a person stands and uses to walk Components Tarsal bones, metatarsal bones, phalanges, muscles, tendons, nerves, blood vessels, soft tissues. See Athlete's foot, Claw foot, Club foot, Diabetic foot, Green foot, Immersion foot, March foot, Rocker bottom foot, Skew foot, Trench foot, Tropical immersion foot.


, pl. feet (fut, fēt)
1. The distal part of the leg.
Synonym(s): pes (1) [TA] .
2. A unit to measure length, containing 12 inches, equal to 30.48 cm.
[A.S. fōt]


(fut) (fet) plural.feet,


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BONES OF FOOT AND ANKLE: Left foot, lateral view
The terminal part of the leg below the ankle. The bones of the foot include the tarsals, metatarsals, and phalanges. See: illustration; leg for illus.; skeleton
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athlete's foot

A scaling, cracked, or macerated rash, typically found between the toes and usually caused by a fungal skin infection (such as tinea) although bacteria may also be involved. The rash is usually mildly itchy. Synonym: dermatophytosis; tinea pedisillustration;


The feet, esp. the webbing between the toes, should be carefully dried after bathing. Well-ventilated shoes and absorbent socks should be worn. Topically applied antifungal drugs, such as terbinafine, effectively treat the condition except when maceration is prominent and bacterial infection is also present. In these instances, oral antibiotics are needed.


cleft foot

A condition in which a cleft extends between the digits to the metatarsal region, usually due to a missing digit and metatarsal.
Synonym: split foot

immersion foot

A condition of the feet, resulting from prolonged immersion in cold water, in which pain and inflammation are followed by swelling, discoloration, and numbness.
Synonym: tropical immersion foot

jogger's foot

A colloquial term for tarsal tunnel syndrome.

Madura foot

See: Madura foot

march foot

An insidious fracture of one of the metatarsal bones of the foot.
See: march fracture

mossy foot

Non-filarial lymphatic obstruction of the legs, commonly found in volcanic regions of Africa, where it occurs primarily in those who walk barefoot on alkaline, mineral-rich soil.
Synonym: podoconiosis

Seattle foot

An artificial foot designed to absorb the impact of foot-to-floor contact with a dynamic elastic structure.

split foot

Cleft foot.

tabetic foot

Twisted foot in locomotor ataxia.

trench foot

Degeneration of the skin of the feet due to prolonged exposure to moisture. The condition, which resembles frostbite, may be prevented by ensuring that clean, dry socks are worn at all times. The feet do not have to be exposed to cold to develop this condition.

SACH foot

Solid ankle cushion heel foot; a prosthetic foot that has no definite ankle joint but is designed to absorb shock and allow movement of the shank over the foot during ambulation.

tropical immersion foot

Immersion foot.


  1. the part of the leg of vertebrates that contacts the ground in the standing position.
  2. the locomotive organ in invertebrates, for example, the foot of a mollusc, or the tube feet of an echinoderm.


, pl. feet (fut, fēt)
1. [TA] The distal part of the leg.
2. A unit of length, containing 12 inches, equal to 30.48 cm.
[A.S. fōt]


the distal part of the primate leg, upon which the individual stands and walks. Used loosely also instead of hoof, paw.

foot abscess
in all species has characteristics of local inflammation. Special disease in sheep—abscess under horn either at toe or heel. Caused by Fusobacterium necrophorum. Severe lameness with pus discharging at coronet. Slow outbreaks occur in wet years. Footrot in pigs is really a foot abscess. See also porcine footrot. Called also toe abscess, heel abscess.
at foot
used to describe a female of breeding age accompanied by its unweaned offspring, e.g. ewe with a lamb at foot.
foot bath
used in the control of footrot in sheep and cattle. Made of concrete or metal, preferably not metal because of the corrosive nature of copper sulfate solution. Deep enough to accommodate a 4 inch depth of solution, wide enough so that animals can stand on all four hooves in comfort, with a side fence to ensure that they do actually stand in the bath, and long enough to accommodate five to 10 animals, which need to stand in the solution for about 10 minutes. Solutions used include copper sulfate or formalin. In dairy cattle the foot bath may be at the entrance to the milking parlor so that cows walk through it twice each day.
foot laminae
includes primary (insensitive) laminae of cornified material and secondary (sensitive) laminae comprising nerve endings, germinal epithelium and dermal structures in the horse's hoof.
foot licking
although it can result from various causes of irritation, through contact, this is a common clinical sign of atopy in dogs.
foot louse
Madura foot
foot maggot
the larvae of the fly booponusintonsus.
foot mange
foot processes
large cytoplasmic processes extending from the internal lining epithelium of the glomerular capsule of the kidney and terminate on the basement membrane.
foot scald
dermatitis of the skin of the sheep's interdigital cleft. There is minor lifting of horn at the horn-skin junction but there is no underrunning and no odor. Avirulent strains of Dichelobacter nodosus are the cause; the introduction of virulent D. nodosus will result in severe footrot. Called also benign footrot.
slew foot
in dog conformation, a turned out foot.
slipper foot
in dogs, a long, oval foot. Called also boat foot. See also laminitis.
foot stomping
gerbils stomp their rear feet to signal territorialism; sheep do it with their front hooves as a threatening gesture, especially to flocking dogs.

Patient discussion about foot

Q. I think my son has flat foot, how to tell for sure? I didn't notice it before, he is 3 years old now and all shoes hurt him. Does it mean he has flat foot? what else can it be?

A. Pes planus (flat foot) is not a rare condition in toddlers, and may resolves spontaneously as the child grows. It is diagnosed clinically, i.e. by a doctor such as pediatrician or pediatric orthopedic surgeon, and radiographs are not universally indicated

Q. Can flat feet be repaired by surgery? I have flat feet and I’m looking for all sorts of treatments for it- I heard there is a surgery for it- is it helpful?

A. As far as I know- they don’t treat flat feet that are asymptomatic. So first of all check if it bothers you. secondly there are 2 kinds of flat feet- rigid and flexible. There are different and treated differently. Not always a surgery (which is very painful and costly) is needed– I went to a Rolf method therapist by the advice of my orthopedic and it’s much better now. Ask an orthopedic.

Q. Is it possible to have fibromyalgia in your feet and hands? Can you explain? I am very eager to know whether anybody is here with the symptoms of mine. My thumb hurts so much that it's difficult for me to write, and both my feet hurt when I put any weight on them. My hands and feet used to be the only parts of my body that didn't hurt. Is it possible to have fibromyalgia in your feet and hands? Can you explain?

A. Calcium/magnesium
cod liver oil
flax seed oil
raw apple cider vinegar
avoid highly process foods, especially white sugar and white flour

More discussions about foot