Watermelon stomach | definition of watermelon stomach by Medical dictionary
Also found in: Dictionary
A pattern of tortuous vessels located along the longitudinal folds of the stomach, radiating from the pylorus toward the antrum. The endoscopic appearance has been likened to that of watermelon stripes, and is typical of angiodysplasia of the gastric antrum
A colloquial term for the pathological changes in the stomach that occur in patients with progressive systemic sclerosis. The disease affects the stomach by causing vascular ectasia in the antrum.
watermelon stomach A malformation of the blood vessels in the stomach lining resulting in an appearance on endoscopic examination resembling the inside of a watermelon. The longitudinal folds of the lining (rugae) contain convoluted columns of blood vessels like the stripes of a watermelon. The condition mainly affects elderly women and results in blood loss into the stools and iron-deficiency ANAEMIA. Surgery or corticosteroid treatment may be necessary.
References in periodicals archive
Ishioka, "Watermelon stomach
: clinical aspects and treatment with argon plasma coagulation," Arquivos de Gastroenterologia, vol.
Russell, "Gastric antral vascular ectasia (watermelon stomach
)--therapeutic options," Postgraduate Medical Journal, vol.
This appearance has been likened to the alternating stripes on the surface of a watermelon and has led to the pseudonym "watermelon stomach
." (2) Histologic findings associated with gastric antral vascular ectasia include the presence of dilated vessels of the antral lamina propria, reactive foveolar epithelial changes, and fibromuscular hyperplasia of the lamina propria.