wasting syndrome


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Related to wasting syndrome: Cerebral salt wasting syndrome, Kaposi Sarcoma

wast·ing syn·drome

1. Synonym(s): runting syndrome
2. progressive involuntary weight loss seen in patients with HIV infection; may be due to a number of factors acting alone or in combination, including inadequate oral intake of food, altered metabolic state, and malabsorption. Does not respond to increased caloric intake. Defined as profound involuntary weight loss of greater than 10% of baseline body weight, plus either chronic diarrhea (at least two loose stools per day for more than 30 days) or chronic weakness and documented fever (for more than 30 days, intermittent or constant) in the absence of concurrent illness or condition other than HIV infection that could explain the findings (such as cancer, tuberculosis, cryptosporidiosis, or other specific enteritis). Synonym(s): HIV wasting syndrome
Synonym(s): slim disease

wast·ing syn·drome

1. Synonym(s): runting syndrome
2. progressive involuntary weight loss seen in patients with HIV infection; may be due to a number of factors acting alone or in combination, including inadequate oral intake of food, altered metabolic state, and malabsorption. Does not respond to increased caloric intake. Defined as profound involuntary weight loss of greater than 10% of baseline body weight, plus either chronic diarrhea (at least two loose stools per day for more than 30 days) or chronic weakness and documented fever (for more than 30 days, intermittent or constant) in the absence of concurrent illness or condition other than HIV infection that could explain the findings (such as cancer, tuberculosis, cryptosporidiosis, or other specific enteritis). Synonym(s): HIV wasting syndrome
Synonym(s): slim disease
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
A clinical complex associated with chronic renal insufficiency, which is attributed to a combination of poor nutrition, endocrine dysfunction, catabolic stresses—e.g., infection, uremia, dialysis. Wasting is also related to anorexia, and protein catabolism secondary to infection
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

wasting syndrome

Any clinical complex associated with chronic renal insufficiency, attributed to a combination of poor nutrition, endocrine dysfunction, catabolic stresses–eg, infection, uremia, dialysis; starvation causes death at 66% of ideal body weight. See Starvation.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

wast·ing syn·drome

(wāst'ing sin'drōm)
Progressive involuntary weight loss seen in patients with HIV infection; may be due to a number of factors acting alone or in combination, including inadequate oral intake of food, altered metabolic state, and/or malabsorption. Does not respond to increased caloric intake. Defined as profound involuntary weight loss of greater than 10% of baseline body weight, plus either chronic diarrhea (at least two loose stools per day for more than 30 days) or chronic weakness and documented fever (for more than 30 days, intermittent or constant) in the absence of concurrent illness or condition other than HIV infection that could explain the findings (e.g., cancer, tuberculosis, cryptosporidiosis, or other specific enteritis).
Synonym(s): HIV wasting syndrome.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Wasting syndrome

A progressive loss of weight and muscle tissue caused by the AIDS virus.
Mentioned in: AIDS
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Heneine et al., "Lack of evidence of conserved lentiviral sequences in pigs with post weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome," Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, vol.
In light of this evidence, we hypothesize that HD-mediated myokine modulation might potentially represent a novel approach to the prevention and treatment of HD-related muscle wasting syndrome. Prospective studies with a larger number of patients are needed to confirm these data and evaluate their clinical impact.
Fossum et al., "Detection of a novel porcine boca-like virus in the background of porcine circovirus type 2 induced postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome," Virus Research, vol.
Postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome: a review of aetiology, diagnosis and pathology.
Clark, "Recognizing and diagnosing postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS)," Swine Health and Production, vol.
The Food and Drug Administration approved dronabinol in 1992 for the treatment of AIDS-related anorexia and HIV wasting syndrome.
This document notes marijuana's efficacy in treating conditions such as nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy, stimulating the appetite of patients with wasting syndrome associated with HIV/AIDS and cancer, decreasing spasticity, pain, and tremor in multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injuries, and other trauma, and decreasing suffering from chronic pain.
The use of custom-designed midfacial and submalar implants in the treatment of facial wasting syndrome. Arch Facial Plast Surg 2004;6(6):394-7.
administered to conventional pigs experimentally infected with porcine circovirus type 2 and subsequently observed for the development of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome. (31)
Study data showed an increase in survival rate and reversal of weight loss, while mice treated with a negative control showed an irreversible and fatal wasting syndrome. This protective effect of CGEN-25007 was confirmed by improved endoscopic colitis scores, which were similar to those obtained with corticosteroids as a positive control.