Implications of warbles
(Hypoderma lineatum) infestation in drought-affected cattle at Bikaner, Rajasthan.
fly infestation is endemic in cattle, buffalo, sheep and goats in semi-hilly, mountainous and riverine areas of Pakistan (Khan et al., 1994).
It is pertinent to mention here, warble
flies pose a risk to farmers economic condition.
Before breeding the warble
flies the boxes were covered with gauze.
The anti-hypoderma antibodies were detected by ELISA in the sera samples of May and June (summer) onward, while the infestation is usually detected clinically by manual palpation method from October until February (winter) when warbles
appear on the back and flank region of the animals.
Among the common ectoparasites of goats, warble
fly, Przhevalskiana silenus, commonly exists in Pakistan (Shah et al., 1981; Khan et al., 1991; Ayaz, 1998) which belongs to order Diptera family Oestridae.
Pop Idol favourite Gareth Gates will warble
it out with persistent Darius Danesh in the show's final, a poll predicted yesterday.
The ITC-6614-DSL Check Mate adds features to any standard test set, including measurement of line voltage, loop current, percentage of battery life left and a warble
tone for locating wires.
Melodious liquid warble
in the plum Tree tells the sinking year how to feel Its recession into grief as if a thorn Poked a nester in an old wounded heart Of stone from which slowly drips recognition All breathing human passion far above These days atonal as white noise Through bare branches cotton clouds drift by Last yellowed leaves catch lone rays of sun Going down into the motherless ocean A light plane buzzes off toward brown hills As shade drops over the next urban plot To prepare the air for what the dead don't know How swiftly we are coming to join them
(1921), and Carolyn Wells burlesqued it in Ptomaine Street, The Tale of Warble
Table I.- Distribution of goats according to breed, age and sex for warble
Among various parasites warble
fly is considered to be a notorious threat to livestock population including cattle buffaloes sheep and goats (Khan et al.