waking imagined analgesia
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waking imagined analgesia (WIA)
Etymology: AS, wacian, to awaken; L, imaginari, to picture oneself; Gk, a + algos, without pain
the pain relief experienced by a patient who uses the psychological technique, usually with the help of an attending nurse or a hospital aide, of concentrating on previous pleasant personal experiences that produced tranquility, such as lying on a summer beach beside cooling ocean water or drifting down a quiet river in a canoe. The patient using the WIA technique is encouraged to verbalize such experiences, thereby reinforcing recollection with attendant soothing biological responses. This technique is often effective in reducing mild to moderate pain, especially when used with a mild nonnarcotic analgesic and the compassionate interaction of an attending health care professional. See also pain assessment, pain intervention.