References in periodicals archive ?
Sex is allowed but watching TV, reading, studying or snacking all condition you for wakefulness and not sleep.
Graduated extinction may then be introduced to reduce nocturnal wakefulness during the night (if needed).
Wakefulness contradicts its reason, proving damaging rather than enhancing productivity.
Their brain activity was also abnormal, more like normal wakefulness than sleep.
These peptides promote wakefulness by activating wake-active neurons (WAN) in the hypothalamus and brain stem.
In individuals with insomnia disorder, it is possible that the orexin system which regulates sleep and wakefulness is not functioning normally.
Orexin neurons release two neuropeptides that interact with downstream receptors that promote wakefulness.
Coauthor Robert Greene, professor of psychiatry and a physician at the Dallas VA Medical Center, indicates the study is unique in showing that the need for sleep (called sleep homeostasis) can be separated from wakefulness both behaviorally and biochemically, meaning the two processes now can be studied individually.
In fact, the restorative nature of sleep appears to be the result of the active clearance of the by-products of neural activity that accumulate during wakefulness.
That has prepared the plant for the production of another drug Merck has in the pipeline, Suvorexant, a sleep aid that works by turning off wakefulness rather than by inducing sleep.
Examining both nocturnal dreams and waking daydreams, we have repeated these findings, and, thus, propose that "far from being a random or meaningless distraction, spontaneous cognition during states of sleep and resting wakefulness appears to serve important functions related to processing past memories and planning for the future.