Several studies have suggested that compared with BMI, other crucial obesity measures - including waist circumference, waist:hip ratio
and waist:height ratio - are better at predicting heart disease, Type 2 diabetes and mortality.
Relationship between Waist:Hip Ratio
(WHR) distributions among Study Groups WHR Group I Group II No % No % <0.90 3 3.0 6 6.0 >0.90 97 97.0 94 94.0 Total 100 100.0 100 100.0 Mean [+ or -] SD 0.96 [+ or -] 0.02 (a) 0.94 [+ or -] 0.03 (b) Figure 1.
Body mass index, waist circumference and waist:hip ratio
as predictors of cardiovascular risk--a review of the literature.
lowest fertile of waist:hip ratio
), diet (highest vs.
Their average waist:hip ratio
(a measure of adiposity) was 0.85, 55% were hypertensive, and 36% had a history of smoking.
Results: After adjustment for age, sex, social status, physical activity, systolic blood pressure, BMI, waist:hip ratio
, food groups and total energy intake, dark chocolate consumption was inversely associated with CRP.
Important measurements of abdominal obesity include the waist:hip ratio
and waist circumference, and some studies have indicated that these two measurements may be more important in predicting the risk of diabetic development than the BMI (10).
"These temporal trends are at odds with claims that centerfolds' body shapes are still more 'hourglasses' than 'stick insects,' and that the maximally sexually attractive female waist:hip ratio
is stable," the researchers concluded.
``These temporal changes are at odds with claims that centrefolds' body shapes are still more hourglass than stick insects and that the maximally sexually attractive female waist:hip ratio
is stable,'' said authors Martin Voracek and Maryanne Fisher.
There were no differences among the groups in body mass index, blood pressure, or waist:hip ratio
at the end of 12 weeks.
After controlling for demographic and conventional risk factors, the presence of any coronary artery calcification was significantly associated with increased levels of clinical depression (odds ratio 1.05), HAQ score (OR 1.71), and high waist:hip ratio
Younger patients had worse glycemic control, but BMI, waist:hip ratio
, frequency of exercise, frequency of checking glucose, and duration of diabetes were not significantly related to Hb[A.sub.1c] levels.