vulvovaginal candidiasis

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infection by fungi of the genus Candida, generally C. albicans, most commonly involving the skin, oral mucosa (thrush), respiratory tract, or vagina; occasionally there is a systemic infection or endocarditis. It is most often associated with pregnancy, glycosuria, diabetes mellitus, or use of antibiotics. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has found that in the United States this condition is the fourth most common cause of nosocomial infections of the blood stream. Called also candidosis and moniliasis.

The most prominent symptom of vaginitis due to Candida infection is severe itching. Sexual transmission is unlikely. Intravaginal cream containing miconazole or clotrimazole, applied each night for one week, usually clears up the infection. Difficulty or pain with swallowing, or retrosternal pain, may indicate candidiasis of the esophagus. Systemic antifungal therapy is indicated for esophagitis and other more severe forms of the disease. Therapeutic options include ketoconazole, fluconazole, and amphotericin b. Chronic suppressive therapy is sometimes required for severely immunocompromised patients. The Infectious Disease Society of America has published “Practice Guidelines for the Treatment of Candidiasis” on their web site,
atrophic candidiasis oral candidiasis marked by erythematous, pebbled patches on the hard or soft palate, buccal mucosa, and dorsal surface of the tongue, a complication of numerous different conditions such as vitamin deficiency, diabetes mellitus, or poorly fitting dentures. There are acute forms and a chronic form called denture stomatitis.
bronchopulmonary candidiasis candidiasis of the respiratory tree, occurring in a mild afebrile form manifested as chronic bronchitis, and in a usually fatal form resembling tuberculosis. Called also bronchocandidiasis.
chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis a group comprising a number of varying forms of Candida infection, marked by chronic candidiasis of the skin and nails and the mucous membranes of the mouth and vagina that is resistant to treatment; it may be localized or diffuse, is sometimes familial, and may be associated with disorders of the immune and endocrine systems.
endocardial candidiasis Candida endocarditis.
oral candidiasis thrush.
pulmonary candidiasis a type of fungal pneumonia caused by infection with Candida species, seen especially in immunocompromised patients or those with malignancies. Called also Candida pneumonia.
vaginal candidiasis (vulvovaginal candidiasis) candidal infection of the vagina, and usually also the vulva, commonly characterized by itching, creamy white discharge, vulvar redness and swelling, and dyspareunia. Called also Candida or candidal vaginitis and Candida or candidal vulvovaginitis.

vulvovaginal candidiasis

candidal infection of the vagina, and usually also the vulva, commonly characterized by pruritus, creamy white discharge, vulvar erythema and swelling, and dyspareunia. Also called Candida vaginitis, Candida vulvovaginitis, vaginal candidiasis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vaginal swelling, burning, itching, dyspareunia, pelvic pain, vaginal odour and vulvovaginal candidiasis were more frequent among women who performed VD (pless than 0.
Nystatin vaginal suppository could be a therapy choice for vulvovaginal candidiasis caused by Candida glabrata," Dr.
As previously reported by Viamet, VT-1161 demonstrated robust antifungal activity and a favorable safety profile in a Phase 2a proof-of-concept study in the treatment of acute vulvovaginal candidiasis.
They have been licensed for the short-term oral treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis and have been proved to be safer than both amphotericin B and ketoconazole.
Conclusion: Itraconazole was found to be more effective in the treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis compared to fluconazole with high cure and low relapse rate.
In conclusion fluconazole was found effective as a systemic single oral dose therapy for Acute Vulvovaginal Candidiasis.
Fifty-five women (mean age, 28 years) with vulvovaginal candidiasis were given a single 150 mg dose of fluconazole and were randomly assigned to receive, in double-blind fashion, 2 capsules each morning containing L.
The company added butoconazole nitrate 2% vaginal cream is the generic equivalent of Gynazole*1, which is indicated for the local treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis (infections cause by Candida).
Medical experts are still trying to determine the most effective way to treat recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC).
Weekly treatment with oral fluconazole for 6 months appears to prevent recurrent symptomatic vulvovaginal candidiasis in many women, although it fails to produce mycologic cure in a significant percentage, Dr.