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the external genital organs in the female. Two pairs of skin folds protect the vaginal opening, one on each side. The larger outer folds are the labia majora and the more delicate inner folds are the labia minora. In a virgin, a thin membrane called the hymen usually partially covers the opening of the vagina; it is normally well perforated and permits the menstrual flow, and when it is not a minor surgical procedure may be necessary. The upper or forward ends of the labia minora join around the clitoris, a small projection that is composed of erectile tissue like the male penis and has erotic functions. The opening of the urethra, which empties urine from the bladder, lies between the clitoris and the vagina. See also female reproductive organs. adj., adj vul´val, vul´var.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


, pl.


(vŭl'vă), [TA]
[NA] The external genitalia of the female, composed of the mons pubis, the labia majora and minora, the clitoris, the vestibule of the vagina and its glands, and the opening of the urethra and of the vagina.
Synonym(s): cunnus, trema (2)
[L. a wrapper or covering, seed covering, womb, fr. volvo, to roll]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


n. pl. vul·vas also vul·vae (-vē)
The external genitals of the female, including the labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, and vestibule of the vagina.

vul′val, vul′var (-vər, -vär′)(-vāt′, -vĭt), vul′vate′ (-vāt′, -vĭt) adj.
vul′vi·form′ (-və-fôrm′) adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


The outer surface of the female genitalia, which develops embryologically  from the genital tubercle and urogenital folds. Its vascularity is supplied by the internal pudendal artery and the internal pudendal veins, and it is innervated by the pudendal nerve.

Labia majora and minora, mons pubis, clitoris, bulb of vestibule, vulval vestibule, greater and lesser vestibular glands, and the opening of the vagina.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.


Change of life, climacteric, 'time of life'  Gynecology The cessation of menstrual activity due to failure to form ovarian follicles, which normally occurs age 45–50 Clinical Menstrual irregularity, vasomotor instability, 'hot flashes', irritability or psychosis, ↑ weight, painful breasts, dyspareunia, ↑/↓ libido, atrophy of urogenital epithelium and skin, ASHD, MI, strokes and osteoporosis–which can be lessened by HRT. See Estrogen replacement therapy, Hot flashes, Male menopause, Premature ovarian failure, Premature menopause. Cf Menarche.
Menopause–”…what a drag it is getting old.” Jagger, Richards
Bladder Cystourethritis, frequency/urgency, stress incontinence
Breasts ↓ Size, softer consistency, sagging
Cardiovascular Angina, ASHD, CAD
Endocrine Hot flashes
Mucocutaneous Atrophy, dryness, pruritus, facial hirsutism, dry mouth
Neurologic Psychological, sleep disturbances
Pelvic floor Uterovaginal prolapse
Skeleton  Osteoporosis, fractures, low back pain
Vagina Bloody discharge, dyspareunia, vaginitis
Vocal cords Deepened voice
Vulva  Atrophy, dystrophy, pruritus
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


, pl. vulvae (vŭl'vă, -vē) [TA]
The external genitalia of the female, composed of the mons pubis, the labia majora and minora, the clitoris, the vestibule of the vagina and its glands, and the opening of the urethra and of the vagina.
[L. a wrapper or covering, seed covering, womb, fr. volvo, to roll]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


(vul'va) (vul've?, 'vi?) plural.vulvae [L. vulva, covering]
Enlarge picture
VULVA: Inferior view of the perineum
That portion of the female external genitalia lying posterior to the mons veneris, consisting of the labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, vestibule of the vagina, vaginal opening, Bartholin's glands. See: illustrationvulvalvulvar (vul'val) (vul'var), adjective

vulva connivens

Vulvar agglutination.

vulva hians

Vulva in which the labia majora are gaping.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners


The female external genitalia, comprising the mons pubis, the two pairs of LABIA, the area between the labia minora, and the entrance to the VAGINA.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005


the external genitalia of the female mammal, surrounding the external opening of the VAGINA, and consisting of mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora, CLITORIS, vestibule and vestibular glands.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005


Pendum; the external female genitalia including the mons pubis, labia majora and minor, clitoris, vestibule, glands, and the vaginal opening.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Patient with PT of the vulva are usually admitted with a one-sided, painless and solid mass.
Neoplasms of the canine uterus, vagina and vulva - A clinicopathologic survey of 90 cases.
The level to which the margins of the labia are sutured ventrally can be determined by placing firm pressure with the fingers on either side of the vulva and pressing down to locate the ischium.
Rodas insisted that his appearance was a show of support for the teenage girls who died in the Virgen de la Asuncion youth shelter and their families, and not an endorsement of the "Powerful Vulva" procession.
So make sure you get any dried discharge out of all the folds and creases in your vulva. You do that by opening your labia (which requires squatting or spreading your legs) and using your hand or a washcloth and warm water.
In Chiang Mai University Hospital, a Northern Tertiary Care Hospital, SCCA of the vulva was found in an average of ten cases a year.
Herein, we present a very rare case of HPV-negative ISSC of the vulva in an adolescent without any risk factors.
Herein, we present a rare case of a patient with clear cell carcinoma of the vulva related to neoplastic transformation of endometriosis who presented with a painful mass at the right side of the groin and labia major.
This pain may feel like burning, stinging, aching or throbbing in one specific area or throughout various areas of your vulva. Vulvodyniua is a fairly common condition.
Bartholin's gland (BG), also known as the major vestibular glands or Bartholin gland, are bilateral, mucus-secreting, tubuloacinar glands located within the submucosa of the vulva of ruminants (SCHLAFER & FOSTER, 2016), cats (BACHA & WOOD, 1990), and women (CARDOSI et al., 2001; LEE et al., 2015).