vomitoxin


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vomitoxin

(vom-i-toks'in),
Fungal toxin (mycotoxin) produced by Fusarium fungi found in grain.
Synonym(s): deoxynivalenol, DON
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References in periodicals archive ?
Rapid, sequential activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases and transcription factors precedes proinflammatory cytokine mRNA expression in spleens of mice exposed to the trichothecene vomitoxin. Toxicol Sci.
Pestka, "Amplified proinflammatory cytokine expression and toxicity in mice coexposed to lipopolysaccharide and the trichothecene vomitoxin (deoxynivalenol)," Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health A, vol.
Blighted product from a range of foodstuffs can be targeted thus reducing mycotoxin levels in sunflower seeds (sclrotia), in wheat (vomitoxin), in barley (fusarium), in rye (ergot), in peanuts (aflatoxins), in tree nuts (aflatoxins) and in maize (aflatoxins).
30 that among other things will greatly reduce the amount of vomitoxin contained in wheat delivered against the contracts.
Frank Jones, a recently retired professor and extension specialist from the Center of Excellence for Poultry Science at the University of Arkansas, said: "The most common type of mycotoxin produced by Fusarium is DON (deoxynivalenol -- also known as vomitoxin).
Immunochemical Assessment of Mycotoxins in 1989 Grain Foods: Evidence for Deoxynivalenol (Vomitoxin) Contamination.
Screenings are performed for contaminants such as aflatoxin, vomitoxin, and melamine.
Infected grain may contain fungus-produced toxic substances called mycotoxins (vomitoxin), which may cause vomiting in nonruminant animals and humans.
Bulk Ingredient (B) Salmonella, (B) Yes, product specs Receiving aflatoxin, vomitoxin (C) Allergen cross (C) Yes, receiving contamination procedures (P) Paper, plastic, (P) Yes, GMPs wood, metal Incidental (B) Salmonella, (B) Yes, product specs Ingredient aflatoxin, vomitoxin Receiving (C) Allergen cross (C) Yes, receiving contamination procedures (P) Paper, plastic, (P) Yes, GMPs wood, metal Storage of (B) Mold related to (B) MCS Ingredients bulk silos (C) Allergen cross (C) Yes, production contamination GMPs, allergen control protocols (P) Paper, plastic, (P) Paper/plastic: Yes: metal GMPs.
* Trichothecenes (Deoxynivalenol [DON] or vomitoxin) from the genus Fusarium