damage to the lung caused by overdistention by a mechanical ventilator set for an excessively high tidal volume; it results in a syndrome similar to adult respiratory distress syndrome.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
air leak syndromeA condition characterised by alveolar or airway rupture into the pulmonary interstitium, typically accompanied by escape of air into regional tissues, including the pleura, mediastinum, subcutaneous tissues or abdominal cavity; it is more common in children.
Overdistention of lungs, uneven ventilation, chemical injury, trauma, Valsalva manoeuvre, idiopathic (spontaneous).
Respiratory distress syndrome, immaturity of lungs, positive pressure ventilation, foetal distress/asphyxia, botched intubation, atelectasis, resuscitation, tracheal suctioning, pneumonia including aspiration pneumonia.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
volutrauma(vŏl′ū-traw″mă) [L. volumen, scroll, something rolled, + Gr. trauma, wound]
A lung injury caused by excessively high tidal volumes during the use of mechanical ventilation.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners