Abortion was legalized and voluntary sterilization
encouraged among lower-educated women.
In Washington state, all health insurance plans that cover maternity care now must cover elective abortions and provide a copayment and deductible-free coverage for all contraceptive drugs and devices and for voluntary sterilization
 This is not surprising since voluntary sterilization
is an irreversible method for couples whose families are complete, whereas spacing methods are the most effective reversible method for a younger woman.
The original case was mainly focused on her cartoon, which protested passage of a bill to criminalize voluntary sterilization
and restrict access to contraception and family planning services.
"The two bills - Bill 446 (the Bill to Increase Fertility Rates and Prevent Population Decline) and Bill 315 (the Comprehensive Population and Exaltation of Family Bill) - would impose major restrictions on contraception, ban voluntary sterilization
, and discriminate against childless women.
For her part Jennifer Denbow in "Sterilization as Cyborg Performance" explores medical discourse that represents the practice of voluntary sterilization
as a threat to patriarchal imperatives that impose reproductive and maternal desire on womens bodies.
USAID Policy Determination 3 on Voluntary Sterilization
(10.) USAID, USAID Policy Guidelines on Voluntary Sterilization
, 1982, <http://transition.usaid.gov/our_work/global_health/pop/pd3_annex.pdf>, accessed Oct.
Casey Anthony resolves to submit to voluntary sterilization
The Association for Voluntary Sterilization
South Africa (AVSSA), a non-profit organisation, has offered sterilisation services at health care facilities in the Western Cape for many years, including education and awareness campaigns.
Furthermore, the report gave the opinion of Professor Michael Wheeler at the UBC School of Social Work that induced abortion was "no more suitable a subject for the Criminal Code than suicide, contraception or voluntary sterilization
." "But", said the professor "the chances of getting agreement on this in Canada are about as good as for those for the re-unification of Germany." (11)
Both genders were subject to involuntary sterilization, while women were also more likely to submit to voluntary sterilization
. Evidence for this "two-pronged" eugenic program, which likely also contributed to the longevity of the Alberta sterilization program, and which sets it apart from its American counterparts, is discussed next.