Volcano

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Related to volcanic eruption: tsunami
An opening or rupture in the earth’s surface through which lava, hot gases, and fragments of rock erupt. The effect of volcanic eruptions on humans is both direct—lava flow, tidal waves, mud slides—and indirect—releasing ash that affects the lungs or weather
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Overall, the authors say that their results demonstrate that volcanic eruptions are imperfect analogs for geoengineering and that scientists should be cautious about extrapolating too much from them.
Beware of mudflows, which can be triggered by volcanic eruptions.
According to Cayetano, Southeast Asia is one of the most geologically active regions, of the world, if not the most, and had been home to the most destructive and powerful volcanic eruptions in history.
Volcanic eruptions over the last 1,000 years have exerted a heavy influence on global climate, according to a study led by researchers at the University at Albany (N.Y.).
Though volcanic eruptions are not common, their economic impact can be immense.
The 2010 volcanic eruption brought chaos to air space across Europe
A group of experts from the Institution compiled the report in response to the problems caused by the volcanic eruption. More than 100,000 flights were grounded in 33 countries and five million passengers were stranded around the world.
EBIT for the second quarter was a loss of EUR28.2m, which was attributed to the flight restrictions related to the volcanic eruption in April.
The Turkish Airlines (THY) decided to cancel flights from Istanbul's Ataturk Airport to Casablanca and from Casablanca to Istanbul due to the ash cloud caused by a volcanic eruption in Iceland.
I READ somewhere that a major volcanic eruption in Iceland, which preceded by a few years the French Revolution (from July 1789), may have been in part one cause of that violent political upheaval, due to the adverse effect on harvests in France and so further increasing the poverty of the peasantry.
Summary: Rabat - The Moroccan airspace will not be affected by the ash cloud resulting from the volcanic eruption in Iceland, a statement from the Ministry of Equipment and Transport said on Tuesday.
What is difficult to predict is how long a volcanic eruption is going to go on for.