volar plate

vo·lar plate

(vōl'ăr plāt)
A tough ligamentous band bridging the volar aspect of the proximal interphalangeal joint in fingers II-V and opposing hyperextension. Rupture of the volar plate due to injury or disease permits recurrent hyperextension and can lead to swan-neck deformity.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
In general, together with the dorsal capsule, radial collateral ligament (RCL), and volar plate, the UCL serves as a static stabilizer of the MCP joint.
Incidence of an anomalous course of the palmar cutaneous branch of the median nerve during volar plate fixation of distal radius fractures.
Intramedullary nail versus volar plate fixation of extra-articular distal radius fractures.
Brown, "Minimising the risk of extensor pollicis longus rupture following volar plate fixation of distal radius fractures: a cadaveric study," Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, vol.
Although volar plate fixation has become the gold standard in the treatment of unstable distal radius fractures, extensor tendon irritation and rupture are known complications of this procedure.
Grechenig, "Various circular arc radii of the distal volar radius and the implications on volar plate osteosynthesis," Orthopedics, vol.
Even comminuted fractures with dorsal metaphyseal instability can be fixed with a volar plate. It has the advantages like early and better mobilization and function of hand, repair of ruptured tendons, less residual pain, stiffness, and restriction and best chance of restoring joint congruity.
What advantages does volar plate fixation have over K-wire fixation for distal radius extension fractures in the elderly?
The volar plate stabilizes the PIP joint, which helps prevent hyperextension.
Application of a volar plate with angle-stable fixation has been used successfully in a number of cohort studies but needs to be examined in stringent trials to determine if there is any benefit when compared with other treatment modalities [2].
Treatment options include external fixation, distraction plate fixation using a dorsal approach, standard 3.5 mm LCP plates, and fixed angle volar plates. Volar plate fixation has been recognized to be an effective and safe treatment in unstable distal radius fractures.
Most injuries at this joint occur from forced extension, not flexion, and result in a volar plate rupture.