vocal tics


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vocal tics

Grunts and barking sounds that may be made by persons with Tourette's syndrome.
See also: tic
References in periodicals archive ?
Table 1 DSM-5 criteria for Tourette's disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder Tourette's disorder Obssesive-compulsive disorder (a) Multiple motor and vocal tics (a) Presence of obsessions, compulsions, or both (b) Waxing and waning course of (b) Intrusive, unwanted, recurrent [greater than or equal to] thoughts cause marked anxiety 1 year of distress (c) Onset before age 18 (c) Neutralization of obsessions attempted via repetitive behaviors or compulsions (d) Obsessions/compulsions are time-consuming, cause distress and/or functionla impairement Source: Adapted from: Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th ed.
The cough was evaluated to be vocal tic considering the patient's history, cough features and course and accompanying motor tics.
After 2 weeks at this dose there was a significant reduction in his symptoms, his vocal tic had disappeared but some motor tics and occasional grimacing remained.
Simple vocal tics may include throat-clearing, sniffing/snorting, grunting, or barking.
In many TS adults, motor tics remain more enduring and prominent than vocal tics and, in our study, motor tics were more severe overall than vocal tics and were more closely correlated with GAF scale score," he added.
Rarely, children develop multiple complex motor and vocal tics, often associated with difficulty concentrating at school.
Diagnostic criteria for Tourette syndrome include 1) the presence of multiple motor and one or more vocal tics at some time during the illness, although not necessarily concurrently; 2) occurrence of tics many times a day, nearly every day, or intermittently throughout a period of more than 1 year, with no tic-free period of more than 3 consecutive months; 3) onset before age 18 years; and 4) symptoms not caused by direct physiologic effects of a substance or a general medical condition (1).
Some examples of vocal tics are throat-clearing, snorting, grunting, or barking, or even words or phrases.
Busch uses plenty of vocal tics and zany facial expressions, but they're dramatically justified.
John explained: "It was a bit daft and very confined and we found it hard, at first, to be in such close proximity to each other because of the motor and vocal tics.