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pertaining to the voice.
vocal cords the thin, reedlike folds of mucous membrane in the larynx; the superior pair are called the false vocal cords and the inferior pair are called the true vocal cords. (See also Plates.) They vibrate to make vocal sounds during speaking, and are capable of producing a vast range of sounds. Each cord has one end attached to the front wall of the larynx, close to that of the other cord. The opposite ends are connected to two tiny cartilages near the back wall of the larynx. The cartilages can be rotated so as to swing the cords far apart or bring them together. When they are apart, the breath passes through silently, unobstructed; when they are closer together, they partly obstruct the air passage, and as the air is forced through them they vibrate like the reeds of a pipe organ and produce sound waves. These waves are what we call the voice. See also speech.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
Either of two pairs of bands or folds of mucous membrane in the throat that project into the larynx. The lower pair vibrate when air passing up from the lungs causes them to draw together, thereby producing vocal sounds. The upper, thicker pair are not involved in voice production.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
menopauseChange of life, climacteric, 'time of life' Gynecology The cessation of menstrual activity due to failure to form ovarian follicles, which normally occurs age 45–50 Clinical Menstrual irregularity, vasomotor instability, 'hot flashes', irritability or psychosis, ↑ weight, painful breasts, dyspareunia, ↑/↓ libido, atrophy of urogenital epithelium and skin, ASHD, MI, strokes and osteoporosis–which can be lessened by HRT. See Estrogen replacement therapy, Hot flashes, Male menopause, Premature ovarian failure, Premature menopause. Cf Menarche.
Menopause–”…what a drag it is getting old.” Jagger, Richards
Bladder Cystourethritis, frequency/urgency, stress incontinence
Breasts ↓ Size, softer consistency, sagging
Cardiovascular Angina, ASHD, CAD
Endocrine Hot flashes
Mucocutaneous Atrophy, dryness, pruritus, facial hirsutism, dry mouth
Neurologic Psychological, sleep disturbances
Pelvic floor Uterovaginal prolapse
Skeleton Osteoporosis, fractures, low back pain
Vagina Bloody discharge, dyspareunia, vaginitis
Vocal cords Deepened voice
Vulva Atrophy, dystrophy, pruritus
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
vocal cordsA pair of pearly-white shelves of thin mucous membrane stretched across the interior of the LARYNX and capable of being tensioned to a widely varying degree by small laryngeal muscles. The vocal cords are caused to vibrate by the outwards passage of air from the lungs and the sound so produced is modulated by changes in the shape and volume of the mouth cavity to produce speech and song.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
Patient discussion about vocal cords
Q. How can I fix my vocal cords? Please I am in need of desperate help.
A. rest, which means no talking,More discussions about vocal cords
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