vocal cords


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vocal

 [vo´kal]
pertaining to the voice.
vocal cords the thin, reedlike folds of mucous membrane in the larynx; the superior pair are called the false vocal cords and the inferior pair are called the true vocal cords. (See also Plates.) They vibrate to make vocal sounds during speaking, and are capable of producing a vast range of sounds. Each cord has one end attached to the front wall of the larynx, close to that of the other cord. The opposite ends are connected to two tiny cartilages near the back wall of the larynx. The cartilages can be rotated so as to swing the cords far apart or bring them together. When they are apart, the breath passes through silently, unobstructed; when they are closer together, they partly obstruct the air passage, and as the air is forced through them they vibrate like the reeds of a pipe organ and produce sound waves. These waves are what we call the voice. See also speech.
Vocal cords.

vocal cords

pl.n.
Either of two pairs of bands or folds of mucous membrane in the throat that project into the larynx. The lower pair vibrate when air passing up from the lungs causes them to draw together, thereby producing vocal sounds. The upper, thicker pair are not involved in voice production.

menopause

Change of life, climacteric, 'time of life'  Gynecology The cessation of menstrual activity due to failure to form ovarian follicles, which normally occurs age 45–50 Clinical Menstrual irregularity, vasomotor instability, 'hot flashes', irritability or psychosis, ↑ weight, painful breasts, dyspareunia, ↑/↓ libido, atrophy of urogenital epithelium and skin, ASHD, MI, strokes and osteoporosis–which can be lessened by HRT. See Estrogen replacement therapy, Hot flashes, Male menopause, Premature ovarian failure, Premature menopause. Cf Menarche.
Menopause–”…what a drag it is getting old.” Jagger, Richards
Bladder Cystourethritis, frequency/urgency, stress incontinence
Breasts ↓ Size, softer consistency, sagging
Cardiovascular Angina, ASHD, CAD
Endocrine Hot flashes
Mucocutaneous Atrophy, dryness, pruritus, facial hirsutism, dry mouth
Neurologic Psychological, sleep disturbances
Pelvic floor Uterovaginal prolapse
Skeleton  Osteoporosis, fractures, low back pain
Vagina Bloody discharge, dyspareunia, vaginitis
Vocal cords Deepened voice
Vulva  Atrophy, dystrophy, pruritus

vocal cords

A pair of pearly-white shelves of thin mucous membrane stretched across the interior of the LARYNX and capable of being tensioned to a widely varying degree by small laryngeal muscles. The vocal cords are caused to vibrate by the outwards passage of air from the lungs and the sound so produced is modulated by changes in the shape and volume of the mouth cavity to produce speech and song.

vocal cords,

n.pl See cords, vocal.

vocal

pertaining to the voice.

vocal cord acute bilateral paralysis
manifestation of organophosphate poisoning in foals characterized by irreversible severe inspiratory dyspnea and stridor.
vocal cord paralysis
due to paralysis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve, e.g. in rabies. See also laryngeal hemiplegia.
vocal cord resection
vocal cordectomy
vocal cords
the folds of mucous membrane in the larynx, the superior pair being called the false, and the inferior pair the true, vocal cords. These thin, reedlike bands vibrate to make vocal sounds and are capable of producing a vast range of sounds.
false vocal cords
ventricular bands.

Patient discussion about vocal cords

Q. How can I fix my vocal cords? Please I am in need of desperate help.

A. rest, which means no talking,

More discussions about vocal cords
References in periodicals archive ?
Also, alcohol dehydrates the body and the vocal cords, so it is advisable to minimize cocktails, wine and beer especially at the beginning of the Convention, if possible.
Do not drink too many caffeinated or dairy products as these can clog up the vocal cords too.
When the foam was stretched once every 4 seconds, 8 hours per day for 9 days, the living cells became structurally aligned like those deep within vocal cord tissue.
These patients also suffered from a condition called vocal cord dysfunction, which causes muscle spasms that make it difficult for sufferers to breathe.
The singer of hits such as "Army of Me" and "Hyperballad" had been diagnosed with polyps on her vocal cords several years ago, and she attempted to manage them by changing her diet and working out.
Doctors have warned the pregnant singer that her vocal cords could fail due to her gruelling workload.
Comparisons were made of the percentage of the vocal cords visible at laryngoscopy.
The singer's unique vocal cords mean she needs at least 15 hours' sleep before she sings and days of complete silence.
If Vitale were an accountant, his vocal cords wouldn't be a major problem.
Voice Doc Helps Super Bowl Fans Prepare Their Vocal Cords for the Big Game
The neurodegenerative condition causes contraction of the vocal cords and restriction of airflow through the larynx during inspiration.
Also, thickened vocal cords result in a permanently deepened voice.