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dementiaChronic brain failure, chronic brain syndrome, chronic organic brain syndrome, cortical and subcortical dementia, organic mental disorder, presbyophrenia, senility Neurology A general term for a diffuse irreversible condition of slow onset seen in older Pts, due to dysfunction of cerebral hemispheres; it is an end stage of mental deterioration, and is characterized by a loss of cognitive capacity, leading to ↓ social &/or occupational activity Prevalence Age-linked–affects ± 10.5% of those 80-85; 12.6-47.2% ≥ 85 Etiology 47% Vascular-type–potentially treatable; 44% Alzheimer's type Clinical ↓ mental ability, memory loss, often with emotional disturbances, personality changes Imaging MRI, PET, SPECT DiffDx Alzheimer's disease, multi-infarct–vascular dementia, Pick's disease, diffuse Lewy disease, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, frontal lobe-type dementia, progressive supranuclear palsy, progressive subcortical gliosis, corticobasilar degeneration; other causes of dementia include alcohol, schizophrenia, subdural hematoma, normal pressure hydrocephalus, vitamin B12 deficiency and repeated trauma–'punch-drunk' syndrome, torture victims. See Dialysis dementia, Lewy body dementia, Multiinfarct dementia, Pseudodementia, Vascular dementia.
vi·ta·min de·fi·cien·cy(vī'tă-min dĕ-fish'ĕn-sē)
Patient discussion about vitamin deficiency
Q. Recently I came to know after a test that I am vitamin D deficient so how much vitamin D should I take? I am 26 yrs old and I have fibromyalgia. Recently I came to know after a test that I am vitamin D deficient so how much vitamin D should I take?
Q. Can regular exercise lead to vitamin deficiency? I am regular with my exercises every day. I don’t like to miss on my exercise. But I do miss on my food. I always take a healthy and good diet. But I fear of my vitamins and energy getting drained due to exercise. Can regular exercise lead to vitamin deficiency?