vitamin D


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Related to vitamin D: vitamin D3, Vitamin D deficiency

vi·ta·min D

generic descriptor for all steroids exhibiting the biologic activity of ergocalciferol or cholecalciferol, the antirachitic vitamins popularly called the "sun-ray vitamins." They promote the proper use of calcium and phosphorus, thereby producing growth, together with proper bone and tooth formation, in young children; the sulfate, a water-soluble conjugate, is found in the aqueous phase of human milk; vitamin D1 is a 1:1 mixture of lumisterol and vitamin D2.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

vitamin D

n.
A fat-soluble vitamin occurring in several forms, especially vitamin D2 or vitamin D3, required for normal growth of teeth and bones, and produced in general by ultraviolet irradiation of sterols found in milk, fish, and eggs.

vitamin D2

n.
A white crystalline compound, C28H44O, produced by ultraviolet irradiation of ergosterol. Also called calciferol, ergocalciferol.

vitamin D3

n.
A colorless crystalline compound, C27H44O, found in fish-liver oils, irradiated milk, and all irradiated animal foodstuffs. It has essentially the same biological activity as vitamin D2. Also called cholecalciferol.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

vitamin D

A mixture of several forms of vitamin D: Vitamin D3 is synthesised in the skin upon exposure to ultraviolet light; in contrast, vitamin D2 is obtained only from the diet. Both vitamins D2 and D3 are metabolised to 25-hydroxy vitamin D in the liver, and then to the active 1,25 dihydroxy form in the kidney. Vitamin D has a major role in the intestinal absorption of calcium, bone calcium balance and renal excretion of calcium, and is measured as part of a workup for hypocalcaemia, hypercalcaemia and hypophosphataemia.
 
Toxicity
Infants given excess vitamin D may develop atherosclerosis, severe mental retardation, facial dysmorphia, kidney damage, recurrent infections, anorexia, failure to thrive, and may die; as with adults ingesting megadoses of vitramin D, the damage is caused by excess calcium absorption.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

vi·ta·min D

(vī'tă-min)
Generic descriptor for all steroids exhibiting the biologic activity of ergocalciferol or cholecalciferol, the antirachitic vitamins. They promote the proper use of calcium and phosphorus, thereby favoring proper bone and tooth formation and maintenance in children.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

vitamin D

a fat-soluble molecule found in fish liver oils, and also produced in the skin when subjected to ultraviolet rays from sunlight. The main function of the vitamin is to increase the utilization of calcium and phosphorus in bones and teeth. A deficiency results in RICKETS in children and osteomalacia (bone-softening) in adults, particularly women after several pregnancies.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

vi·ta·min D

(vī'tă-min)
Generic descriptor for all steroids exhibiting biologic activity of ergocalciferol or cholecalciferol, the antirachitic vitamins popularly called "sun-ray vitamins." They promote the proper use of calcium and phosphorus, thereby producing growth, together with proper bone and tooth formation, in young children.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about vitamin D

Q. Recently I came to know after a test that I am vitamin D deficient so how much vitamin D should I take? I am 26 yrs old and I have fibromyalgia. Recently I came to know after a test that I am vitamin D deficient so how much vitamin D should I take?

A. what is a normal level of vitamin d for a 65 yr old woman?

Q. Should I give my baby girl vitamin D? I have a 4 month old baby girl. I have been reading that it is advised to give babies vitamin D. Is this true?

A. Yes, it is advised to give babies a vitamin D supplement. Vitamin D deficiency (not having enough) can be prevented by giving babies a daily supplement (drops) of vitamin D.
Babies need vitamin D for healthy growth and development. It helps them build strong, healthy bones and teeth.
Babies who don’t get enough vitamin D are at risk of getting rickets, a disease that affects the way bones grow and develop. Vitamin D can also help prevent certain illnesses in childhood or later in life.

Q. What food are rich with vitamin D? My son is 4 years old and the Doctor said he has vitamin D deficiency and advised me to give him a vitamin D supplement. I don't like the idea of giving him medicine, can't I just give him food which is rich with vitamin D and if so which foods are rich with vitamin D?

A. The best way to get vitamin D, the way that our bodies were designed to get the vast majority of our vitamin D, is from modest sun exposure. Going outside regularly will help your son to generate adequate amounts of vitamin D. Therefore, on top of the medicine the Doctor prescribed, have him go outside in the sun everyday for about 20 minutes. (Keep in mind that there is a concern of sunburn and increased risk of skin cancer with too much sun exposure, however.)

More discussions about vitamin D
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References in periodicals archive ?
"For example, it is not clear that the most optimal levels for vitamin D are the same for Caucasians, blacks or Asians alike.
Caption: People living in states above the 37th parallel may be deficient in vitamin D because they get less sun during the winter.
(10) See, for example, DS Grimes, Vitamin D and the Social Aspects of Disease', QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, vol.
Based on the new findings, 'people already taking vitamin D or fish oil will feel there's no reason to stop,' Manson said.
Recently, a committee from the Institute of Medicine" established recommended daily allowances for vitamin D. For the healthy persons aged 1-70 years, 600 IU or 15 [micro]g is recommended per day.
Vitamin D is naturally found in fish, including halibut, salmon, mackerel, rainbow trout, and tuna, and egg yolks.
Vitamin D (25(OH) D) levels between 20 and 40ng/ml (50 and 100 nmol/l) are considered optimal for the majority of people.3 These levels are associated with minimal adverse clinical effects such as fractures and falls.
Conclusion: Majority of patients prefer Vitamin D tablet instead of Oral liquid in glass ampoule if they got the choice among two.
Vitamin D analysis was conducted in the form of 25(OH)D and the method used for its quantification was HPLC [12].
Kumar, "Dendritic cell modulation by 1a,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3 and its analogs: a vitamin D receptor-dependent pathway that promotes a persistent state of immaturity in vitro and in vivo," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol.
Popular multivitamin supplements still don't provide enough vitamin D to yield optimal health benefits.
Other than salmon and other fatty fish, most foods aren't naturally rich in vitamin D. Many foods (milk, most cereals, and margarine, for example) are fortified with D, so check the labels.