(redirected from vitalist)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


The theory that animal functions are dependent upon a special form of energy or force, the vital force, distinct from the physical forces.
Synonym(s): vis vitae, vis vitalis
[L. vitalis, pertaining to life]


The theory or doctrine that life processes arise from or contain a nonmaterial vital principle and cannot be explained entirely as physical and chemical phenomena.

vi′tal·ist adj. & n.
vi′tal·is′tic adj.


A philosophical stance, which is unprovable by currently available techniques, that animal functions hinge on a vital force distinct from physically measurable forces. Vitalism is the central theme of most forms of alternative healthcare, which holds that all humans have a soul or spirit that continues to exist after death as a form of energy or vital force.


Alternative medicine Referring to a system of health care which is based on the belief that the nervous system is the most important determinant of a person's state of health; according to chiropractic
theory, most diseases are the result of 'nerve interference,' caused by spinal subluxations, which are said to respond to spinal manipulation; abnormal nerve function may result in musculoskeletal derangements and aggravate pathologic processes in other body regions or organs. See Chiropractor, Medically-oriented chiropractic, Mixed chiropractic, Network chiropractic, Straight chiropractic, Subluxation-based chiropractic. Cf Massage therapy, Osteopathic medicine.
Principles of chiropractic
Vitalism The body has an intrinsic ability to heal itself; the chiropractor's role is to facilitate the body's ability to restore the vital or life force–termed innate intelligence, to its optimum level, and therefore be allowed to heal itself
Holism All organs and systems function as one interconnected unit; anything that affects the nervous system has widespread effects elsewhere in the body
Correction of subluxation Subluxation is defined as a malalignment of the vertebrae that causes pressure on the spinal cord, nerve roots, and nerves; chiropractics have labelled this subluxation-induced pressure on nerves 'nerve reflex'–which has a different connotation for neurologists


The now largely abandoned philosophical idea that some kind of postulated ‘life force’ is necessary before any biological entity can be said to be living. The growth of molecular cell biology in recent years has progressively reduced the need for such a notion as it progressively explains the phenomena of life in physicochemical terms.


a theory which postulates that biological phenomena cannot be expressed solely in physical and chemical terms.

vitalism (vīˑ·tl·i·zm),

n doctrine that a nonphysical energy permeates all living organisms and that gives them the property of life. See also prana and qi.

Patient discussion about vitalism

Q. Is nutrition vital for healthy hair growth? I am engaged to a girl 3 months back and our marriage is on coming month. I was above heavens when my girl told me that I am handsome. Now I am afraid whether she will hate me soon bcoz, for the past few days I have had drastic hair fall. I feel to be taking less nutrition diet. Is nutrition vital for healthy hair growth? I have dreamt my life with that beautiful angel and never want to lose on that. She can definitely add face value to my happy life. Please guide me to marry my beautiful girl.


Q. I was shocked to note that genes play a vital role in building muscles Is this possible? I am , 20 years old. I am always dreaming to build muscle like my favorite hero who maintains 8 abs. Anybody can dream but to live that dream is a difficult task. Out of curiosity, I had discussed my desire to build muscles with my friends. But I was shocked to note that genes play a vital role in building muscles. My family doesn’t have a history of muscles and this fact has put me in to a difficult situation. Is this possible…If so, how can I live my dream? If the family doesn’t have a history of muscle growth, then what happens to the generation which follows them? I need a positive feedback to my query……

A. there's a genetic potential for fitness, like there is a genetic connection and potential for inelegance. but no matter how smart are your parents- if you won't study you won't live that potential, and some one who doesn't have that genetic ability and will study- will be better. the same thing with physical fitness.

More discussions about vitalism
References in periodicals archive ?
Such a claim is in-line with the conspicuous literature on urban assemblages (Block and Farias, 2016; McFarlane and Anderson, 2011), socio-technical infrastructure (Amin, 2014; Larkin, 2013; Simone, 2015a), and vitalist ontologies (Bennett, 2010; Braidotti, 2013), which blur the boundaries between the self and the 'outer' world.
Moses's compelling reinvigoration of vitalist philosophy alongside his valuable rethinking of what it means "to have" or "to be" a character will have a significant impact on literary studies, particularly in the ways it asks us to reconsider our understanding of the relations among self, affect, and ethical life.
Before I turn to a textual analysis of Onego and Vallejo, I briefly summarize the status of vitalist thought in the early twentieth-century, particularly as it relates to aesthetics.
In a molecularly obsessed culture, individuals who have thoroughly internalised a vitalist epistemology are dangerously hard to find in Western habitats.
The "philosophical characters" of Nietzsche and Bergson, with their uncompromised and systemic aversion to Kant, have pointed to the vitalist alternatives, introducing many tools for breaking the hegemony of transcendentalism and fragmenting the destiny of European modernity.
This might seem reminiscent of the vitalist claim that no physical account could explain life, but the cases are disanalogous.
Which means, paradoxically, this political discourse of Hobbes's is vitalist, organicist, and mechanicist .
As early as 1793 with John Thelwall's controversial lecture series on the nature and organization of life at Guy Hospital, emerging materialistic perspectives on the science of life began to challenge the vitalist understanding of mind-body dualism.
Homeopathy emerged from the vitalist tradition, which believes that people have an energy inside "that can't be measured or put in a test tube," Gordon says.
In fact, when properly interpreted in the light of Henri Bergson's vitalist philosophy, vita and forma prove to be key concepts in the restoration of Pirandello to the canon of the European avant-garde.
Repeating her powerful claim that the inhuman has a life of its own and does not exist only to obstruct human will (p62), Bennett turns to the vitalist theories of Henri Bergson and Hans Driesch (p63).
In creating a language of encounters mapping material speeds and sensations that have no need of individuality, but instead ask for the conception of a life, it can be said that the vitalist logic of performance runs through the concepts Deleuze created.