scratchpad measures no longer correlate with reading performance.
Another outlier was found on the time needed to complete the visuospatial
constructional ability is complex, comprising multiple distinct, but interrelated subcomponents; the ability to combine elements into a meaningful wholes, the ability to discriminate between objects, distinguish between left and right, the ability to understand relationships among objects in space, the ability to adopt various perspectives and to represent and rotate objects mentally; the ability to comprehend and interpret symbolic representations of external space and the ability to work out the solution for non-verbal problems (Cronin-Galomb & Braun, 1997).
The nursing interventions discussed here are for memory impairment, language difficulties, and impairment of visuospatial
function, which are common cognitive deficits associated with AD.
For instance, computerization has lessened somewhat the heavy load on visuospatial
ability in such fields as fashion design, air traffic control and architecture.
In our study, patients with WMLA performed significantly worse on tests of speed and visuospatial
function and although there was no documented incidence of cerebrovascular accidents on follow-up, hypertension was significantly more common in the patients with WMLA (Table I).
They speculated that genes adjacent to elastin account for the disorder's visuospatial
In both disorders, there are visuospatial
perception deficits, the failure to recognize geometric shapes and copy them (9,10), and temporal and spatial orientation deficits.
All participants completed a battery of neuropsychological assessment of attention and working memory, executive function, language, memory, and visuospatial
The results clearly suggest that school-aged low-socioeconomic status children exhibit both verbal and visuospatial
working memory deficits, possibly due to increased levels of stress.
12 items) that measure five domains of cognitive functioning: (a) immediate memory was measured using a list learning task (40 points) and a story memory task (24 points); (b) visuospatial
and constructional ability was measured using a figure copy task (20 points) and a line orientation task (20 points); (c) language was measured using a picture naming task (10 points) and a semantic fluency task (40 points); (d) attention was measured using a digit span task (16 points) and a coding task (89 points); and (e) delayed memory was measured using a list recall task (10 points), a list recognition task (20 points), a story recall task (12 points) and a figure recall task (20 points).
In an inquiry conducted by the Psychological Testing Evaluation System (Satepsi) in 2011, no instrument was found with the assent of the Federal Council of Psychology that could specifically measure visuospatial