visual inspection with acetic acid


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ac·e·to·whit·en·ing

(ă-sē'tō-wīt'en-ing),
Blanching of skin or mucous membranes, after application of 3-5% acetic acid solution, a sign of increased cellular protein and increased nuclear density; used particularly on genital skin and mucous membranes, including the uterine cervix, to identify zones of squamous cell change for biopsy and condyloma acuminatum for treatment.
[acetic acid + whitening]

ac·e·to·whit·en·ing

(ă-sē'tō-wīt'ĕn-ing)
Blanching of skin or mucous membranes after application of 3-5% acetic acid solution, a sign of increased cellular protein and increased nuclear density; used particularly on genital skin and mucous membranes, including the uterine cervix, to identify zones of squamous cell change for biopsy and condyloma acuminatum for treatment.
Synonym(s): cervicoscopy, visual inspection with acetic acid.
[acetic acid + whitening]

visual inspection with acetic acid

,

VIA

Inspection of the surface of the uterine cervix after 5% acetic acid has been applied to it. VIA is a test sometimes used to determine whether the cervix is infected with human papilloma virus or whether irregularities seen on the cervix may be cancerous or precancerous.
References in periodicals archive ?
15 (*) Data only for HIV positive participants Table 2: Comparison of VISUAL Inspection Findings with Cytology Results Visual Inspection with acetic acid Cytology Report findings N=572 Normal(%) Positive(%) N=489 N=83 Normal (471) 467(99.
Comparison of Visual Inspection with acetic acid and Pap smear in cervical cancer screening at a tertiary care hospital.
Effectofcervicitis on visual inspection with acetic acid.
Cervical cancer screening in low resource settings using visual inspection with acetic acid.
Age (in years) 25-29 70 38 67 39 137 38 30-34 40 22 32 18 72 20 35-39 38 21 36 21 74 21 40-44 28 15 19 11 47 13 45-49 8 4 20 11 28 8 Years of education 0 6 3 7 4 13 4 1-6 87 47 86 49 173 48 7-11 71 39 67 39 138 39 12+ 20 11 14 8 34 9 Number of sexual partners 1 or 2 154 84 137 79 291 81 3 or 4 25 13 31 18 56 16 5+ 5 3 6 3 11 3 Parity 0 2 1 5 3 7 2 1-3 125 68 115 66 240 67 4-7 48 26 47 27 95 26 8+ 9 5 7 4 16 5 Number of abortions 0 114 62 107 62 221 62 1 or 2 66 36 65 37 131 36 3 or 4 4 2 2 1 6 2 (a) VIAM: visual inspection with acetic acid and magnification.
Conclusion: Visual inspection with acetic acid has significantly higher sensitivity than Pap smear and may replace pap smear as a primary screening tool for universal screening.
Screening for cervical neoplasia in Bangladesh using visual inspection with acetic acid.
Keywords: cervical cancer and screening, visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA), scaling up services, colposcopy, cryotherapy, Bangladesh
Screening alternatives to cytology such as visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) or VIA with magnification (VIAM) should be considered.

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