Oropharyngeal swabs (OP) were taken every day from 1 to 8 days post virus inoculation to determine virus shedding
in 1mL 1% gentamycin added phosphate buffered saline (PBS) and were kept at -80AdegC till further processing.
Oronasal virus shedding
by the vaccinated and direct-challenged chickens could be detected only in a small proportion (15%) of the birds and only at the first 5 days pch., while no virus could be detected in the ON swab samples of vaccinated contact chickens (see Figure 6).
was detected only in horse C2V2, inoculated with VACV-P2V.
Newcastle disease virus shedding
among healthy commercial chickens and its epidemiological importance.
Moreover virus shedding
has also been found during asymptomatic periods (7, 9, 10).
Antiretroviral therapy is not associated with reduced herpes simplex virus shedding
in HIV coinfected adults: an observational cohort study.
Viremia, virus shedding
, and antibody response during natural avian polyomavirus infection in parrots.
The convalescence phase ranges from 3 to 6 weeks but fatigue, right upper quadrant faecal virus shedding
, can occur in 3 - 20% of cases and is usually less severe than the original episode.
Furthermore, detection of virus shedding
, especially by RT-PCR, may not be the only factor in determining infectivity, (19) and further work is required for accurate modeling of virus transmission in a susceptible population.
Davies was funded by their public institutions; one coauthor acknowledged funding from the Wellcome Trust for a virus-sequencing pipeline project and another received funding from Roche for an influenza virus shedding
study in oseltamivir-treated patients.
All HSV-2 infections are permanent and result in periodic virus shedding
Kittens appeared to be protected from severe disease by one week post vaccination, and virus shedding
was also significantly reduced as compared to non-vaccinated kittens.