virtue-based

virtue-based

 [vir´choo-bāsd]
a concept of bioethics that emphasizes the agents who act and make choices. People acting in this manner often do not simply follow rules blindly; they have a moral desire to act the way they do. How one does what one does is as important as what one does. There is some circularity to the logic of virtue ethics, however: the moral, good act is considered to be one done by a virtuous person, and the virtuous person is considered to be one who does moral, good acts. To overcome this difficulty and to avoid moral subjectivism and emotivism, thinkers use principles as groundings for virtue ethics.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The author argues that the Confucian virtue-based approach can overcome certain challenges that thwart an autonomy-based approach to human dignity and human rights.
11-17), a virtue-based approach grounded in the troika of office, honor, and oath suggests that each judge, in taking the oath, faces an indefeasible obligation to reflect on what the judicial office and judicial duty demand, and to follow that vision faithfully.
The topics include cultivating researcher integrity: virtue-based approaches to research ethics, whether virtue ethics can help the professional integrity of social science researchers, virtue ethics in the practice and review of social science research: the virtuous ethics committee, and the ethical regulation of social research versus the cultivation of phr nesis.
(44.) On the importance of the Golden Rule, see Domenec Mele, "Integrating Personalism into Virtue-Based Business Ethics: The Personalist and the Common Good Principles," Journal of Business Ethics 88 (2009): 227-44.
Many theologians have used a virtue-based method to answer the challenge put forward in the decree on priestly training (Optatam totius) at the Second Vatican Council that moral theology should "be nourished more on the teaching of the Bible" and "shed light on the loftiness of the calling of the faithful in Christ" (16).
More persuasive is the discussion of the "massive decline of confessional practice" in recent years, a decline that Cornwell reads in terms of lay resistance to the church's focus on sexual sins, for example, and also as a desire for a more communal and virtue-based faith, as opposed to a sin-based one (209).
Virtue-based ethical theory presents itself as the next logical alternative because it provides a basis for an internalized system for individuals' ethical reasoning.
Another challenge with virtue-based ethical systems is the question of what the "right" sort of character a person should have.
"Local gays who have physiological and psychological issues should be treated appropriately so that they can become good citizens and reintegrate in society while non-Kuwaiti gays should be deported promptly, particularly that our virtue-based society has zero tolerance for them," Al Azimi who heads a national commission to resist "negative phenomena", said.
In Bounding Thinking, Morton emphasizes how our virtue-based vocabulary and evaluation practices recognize, engage, and work with our cognitive limitations.
Despite the need for greater development of hands-on application of aretism for practitioners, the book broadens educators' perspectives and provides another avenue for the incorporation of virtue-based ethics.
(13) In her book entitled Ethics: Humans and Other Animals, Hurst-house illustrates how virtue-based arguments can be used to oppose certain ways of treating animals such as using animals for scientific experiments and fox-hunting for sport.