The author argues that the Confucian virtue-based
approach can overcome certain challenges that thwart an autonomy-based approach to human dignity and human rights.
11-17), a virtue-based
approach grounded in the troika of office, honor, and oath suggests that each judge, in taking the oath, faces an indefeasible obligation to reflect on what the judicial office and judicial duty demand, and to follow that vision faithfully.
The topics include cultivating researcher integrity: virtue-based
approaches to research ethics, whether virtue ethics can help the professional integrity of social science researchers, virtue ethics in the practice and review of social science research: the virtuous ethics committee, and the ethical regulation of social research versus the cultivation of phr nesis.
(44.) On the importance of the Golden Rule, see Domenec Mele, "Integrating Personalism into Virtue-Based
Business Ethics: The Personalist and the Common Good Principles," Journal of Business Ethics 88 (2009): 227-44.
Many theologians have used a virtue-based
method to answer the challenge put forward in the decree on priestly training (Optatam totius) at the Second Vatican Council that moral theology should "be nourished more on the teaching of the Bible" and "shed light on the loftiness of the calling of the faithful in Christ" (16).
More persuasive is the discussion of the "massive decline of confessional practice" in recent years, a decline that Cornwell reads in terms of lay resistance to the church's focus on sexual sins, for example, and also as a desire for a more communal and virtue-based
faith, as opposed to a sin-based one (209).
ethical theory presents itself as the next logical alternative because it provides a basis for an internalized system for individuals' ethical reasoning.
Another challenge with virtue-based
ethical systems is the question of what the "right" sort of character a person should have.
"Local gays who have physiological and psychological issues should be treated appropriately so that they can become good citizens and reintegrate in society while non-Kuwaiti gays should be deported promptly, particularly that our virtue-based
society has zero tolerance for them," Al Azimi who heads a national commission to resist "negative phenomena", said.
In Bounding Thinking, Morton emphasizes how our virtue-based
vocabulary and evaluation practices recognize, engage, and work with our cognitive limitations.
Despite the need for greater development of hands-on application of aretism for practitioners, the book broadens educators' perspectives and provides another avenue for the incorporation of virtue-based
(13) In her book entitled Ethics: Humans and Other Animals, Hurst-house illustrates how virtue-based
arguments can be used to oppose certain ways of treating animals such as using animals for scientific experiments and fox-hunting for sport.