virginiamycin


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

virginiamycin

(vər-jĭn′yə-mī′sĭn)
n.
Any of several antibacterial substances derived from an actinomycete related to Streptomyces virginiae, used chiefly as an additive in animal feed.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Feeds % of the diet Whole corn grain 85 Nucleus (1, 2) 15 Chemical composition % of DM Dry matter 90.06 * Crude protein 13.04 Ash 3.09 Fat 3.30 Acid detergent fiber 6.88 Neutral detergent fiber 18.25 Starch 57.74 Total digestible nutrientes 81.59 (1) Nucleus composition: DM: 90.22%; CP: 42.23%; NDF: 24.61%; ADF: 12.28%; MM: 16.31%; EE: 2.95; TDN: 69.70; P: 1.11%; Ca: 2.77%; monensin: 75 mg [kg.sup.-1]; and virginiamycin: 75 mg [kg.sup.-1].
Cox Jr., "Potential human health benefits of antibiotics used in food animals: a case study of virginiamycin," Environment International, vol.
It has been reported that feeding amyloliquefaciens and virginiamycin as growth promoters promoted feed intake in broiler chickens.
"Comparative Effects of Virginiamycin Supplementation on Characteristics of Growth-Performance, Dietary Energetics, and Digestion of Calf-Fed Holstein Steers." Journal of Animal Science 87 (12): 4101-8.
Babatunde Response of broiler chicks to virginiamycin and dietary protein concentrations in the humid tropics" Arch de Zootec vol.
Effect of dietary mannan oligosaccharide, with or without bacitracin or virginiamycin, on live performance of broiler chickens at relative high stocking density on new litter.
Ciprofloxacin, chlortetracycline, doxyclocyline, enrofloxacin, epi-chlortetracycline, epi-oxytetracycline, epi-tetracycline, iso-chlortetracycline, lomefloxacin, norfloxacin, ofloxacin, ormetoprim, oxytetracycline, roxityromycin, sarafloxacin, sulfachloropyridazine, sulfadiazine, sulfadimethoxine, sulfamethazine, sulfamethoxazole sulfathiazole, tetracycline, trimethoprim, and virginiamycin were not detected in any of the samples.
In Brazil eleven antimicrobials are authorized as growth promoters in turkey feed (virginiamycin, avilamycin, enramycin, bacitracin methylene disalicylate, zinc bacitracin, colistin, chlorhexidine, lincomycin, flavomycin, halquinol, and tylosin) [45].
Assessing risks for a pre-emergent pathogen: Virginiamycin use and the emergence of streptogramin resistance in Enterococcus faecium.
Antimicrobial class Antimicrobials Dosage (g/ton) Oligosaccharide Avilamicin 2.5-10 Peptide Bacitracin methylene 4-55 disalicylate Peptide Zinc bacitracin 4-55 Benzene derivative Chlorhexidine 10-20 Macrolide Spiramycin 5 Peptide Enramycin 3-10 Phosphoglycolipids Flavomycin 1-2 Lincosamide Lincomycin 2.2-4.4 Peptide Colistin sulfate 2-10 Streptogramin Virginiamycin 5.5-16.5 Quinolone Clorohidroxiquinolin 15-30 Macrolide Tylosin 4-55 tartrate/phosphate Source: Brazilian Ministery of Agriculture.