viral load


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load

 [lōd]
the quantity of something that is carried or borne.
case load the number of patients under the care of an individual health care worker.
viral load the number of copies of RNA of a given virus per milliliter of blood.

viral load

n.
The concentration of a virus, such as HIV, in the blood.

viral load

The amount of a specific virus–eg, HIV, in a person–eg, a Pt with AIDS. See bDNA signal amplification, HIV RNA.

vi·ral load

(vī'răl lōd)
The plasma level of viral RNA, as determined by various techniques including target amplification assay by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and branched DNA technology with signal amplification. Because levels of detection vary with method, results of testing by different methods are not comparable.
References in periodicals archive ?
For instance, for a woman that is going to deliver, we need to know whether her viral load is suppressed or not because it determines her chance of transmitting HIV to the infant," (https://za.linkedin.com/in/kuku-appiah-9b556b14) Dr.
Abbott's m-PIMA HIV-1/2 VL is a quantitative nucleic acid amplification test for viral load measurement of HIV type 1 groups M/N and O, and HIV-2 in plasma samples.
Samples positive in qualitative detection of HCV by CLIA were further processed for viral load estimation and genotype analysis.
All men made at least two HOPS clinic visits, including one in 2014 or later, and all men had their viral load measured sometime between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2015.
The median number of viral load tests in 2014 was two, with 356,223 (54.7%) persons having two or more tests, 95,926 (14.7%) having one test, and 199,662 (30.6%) having no test in 2014.
A variety of methods are used for viral load monitoring in a clinical sample.
Agreement between detectable and undetectable viral load for plasma and DBS was seen in 83.0% of cases.
'The cobas HBV and cobas HCV tests set new industry standards for viral load assays for the highly evolving hepatitis treatment regimens.'
Viral load for approximately 4 000 patients taking first-line theray was sampled between October 2009 and December 2011.
The real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based provides standardization of CMV viral load monitoring with traceability to the WHO International CMV standard.
The average viral load of all dead shrimp was 1.2 x 106 copies/ng DNA; that of dying shrimp was 6.7 x [10.sup.5] copies/ng DNA.
Genital tract HIV-1 RNA shedding among women with below detectable plasma viral load. AIDS 2010;24(16):2489-97.