vidian artery

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Related to vidian artery: Vidian nerve

ar·ter·y of pter·y·goid ca·nal

origin: usually arises from the third part of the maxillary artery, but frequently from the greater palatine artery, within the pterygopalatine fossa. Passes posteriorly to run through the pterygoid canal with the corresponding nerve, supplying the contents and wall of the canal, the mucous membrane of the upper pharynx, the auditory tube, and the tympanic cavity.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

vidian artery

The artery passing through the pterygoid canal.
Synonym: artery of the pterygoid canal
See also: artery
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners


Guidi (Guido), Italian anatomist and physician, 1500-1569.
vidian artery - Synonym(s): artery of pterygoid canal
vidian canal - an opening through the base of the medial pterygoid process of the sphenoid bone through which pass the artery, vein, and nerve of the pterygoid canal. Synonym(s): pterygoid canal
vidian nerve - the nerve constituting the parasympathetic and sympathetic root of the pterygopalatine ganglion. Synonym(s): nerve of pterygoid canal
vidian vein - a vein accompanying the nerve and artery through the pterygoid canal and emptying into the pharyngeal venous plexus. Synonym(s): vein of pterygoid canal
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012