video-assisted thoracic surgery


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vid·e·o-·as·sist·ed tho·rac·ic sur·ger·y (VATS),

thoracic surgery performed using endoscopic cameras, optical systems, and display screens, as well as specially designed surgical instruments and staplers; the ability to make small incisions without spreading of the ribs is an advantage over standard thoracotomy; has been applied to most thoracic procedures.

video-assisted thoracic surgery

Surgery A format of minimally invasive thoracic surgery used to treat a number of specific lesions Indications Pulmonary nodules, effusions, infiltrates, pneumothorax, mediastinal mass, pleural mass, etc Procedures Wedge resection–excision, examination, pleural biopsy, talc pleurodesis, decortication, excision of masses, application of fibrin glue to air leak Complications Persistent air leak, A Fib, respiratory failure Conversion to open procedure 33% require conversion, due to obscure nature of lesion, malignancy, obliterated pleural space Mortality 2%

video-assisted thoracic surgery

Abbreviation: VATS
Surgery for the diagnosis and treatment of many conditions affecting the lung or the pleural space, e.g., biopsies, drainage of empyema, pulmonary resections, Heller procedures.
See also: surgery

Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS)

A technique used to aid in the placement of chest tubes or when performing decortications when treating advanced empyema.
Mentioned in: Empyema
References in periodicals archive ?
Video-assisted thoracic surgery pulmonary resection for lung cancer in patients with poor lung function.
'Needlescopic' video-assisted thoracic surgery for palmar hyperhidrosis.
In the absence of immunologic tests to detect HPD, some of the latest diagnostic methods to recommend have included video-assisted thoracic surgery techniques for granuloma excisions, and transthoracic fine needle aspiration biopsies (FNAB) of pulmonary lesions under computed tomographic guidance.
Video-assisted thoracic surgery versus open thoracotomy for non-small-cell lung cancer: A propensity score analysis based on a multi-institutional registry.
Long-term survival after lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer by video-assisted thoracic surgery versus thoracotomy.
Of 212 patients for whom therapeutic intervention information was available, 125 had video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) to manage empyema.
[4] The developments in video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) are known to have popularized minimally invasive mediastinal surgery in recent years.
For now, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy with systematic lymph node dissection has been a widespread standard procedure for early-stage nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the last decade, with decreased postoperative morbidities, shortened hospital length of stay, and comparable 5-year survival.
Video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy: 3-year initial experience with 200 cases.
Many lung cancer patients in other hospitals don't opt for video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) as much as the more conventional open surgery, according to Lung Center of the Philippines (LCP) thoracic surgery specialist Dr.
The recent development of video-assisted thoracic surgery has changed the surgical approach to patients with thoracic empyema.
Recent advances in video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) that combine bullectomy with pleural abrasion or apical pleurectomy provide a feasible alternative for treatment of recurrent primary spontaneous pneumothorax and have been chosen as the preferred management by many physicians4,5.