viable cell count

vi·a·ble cell count

number of cells in a given area or volume that are thriving.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

viable cell count

the number of living CELLS in a given volume or area for a given sample. Viable cell counts are generally applicable to single-celled ORGANISMS such as BACTERIA, SPORES, YEASTS and certain PROTOZOA. There are various procedures for determining viable cell counts:
  1. (a) by direct counting of a sample stained with a vital stain, for example methylene blue (see VITAL STAINING), using a counting chamber (see HAEMOCYTOMETRY). The living cells can be distinguished from dead cells by their different reaction with the stain.
  2. (b) by COLONY counts from the number of colonies that develop on a solid MEDIUM that has been inoculated with the sample. This may involve the technique of DILUTION PLATING. It is assumed that each colony that develops on the medium arises from a single cell in the original sample.
  3. (c) by the multiple tube method (also called most probable number method) in which sets of tubes containing liquid growth medium are inoculated with progressively smaller volumes of the sample. After incubation, the tubes are examined for the presence or absence of growth. It is assumed that growth will occur in all tubes that receive at least one viable organism. The number of viable cells can then be determined from the pattern of growth and no growth in the tubes by using probability tables. In some cases cells tend to form clumps or to grow in chains or filaments so that an accurate viable count cannot be obtained by using the above methods. Counts may then be expressed as colony forming units (cfu) for a given volume or area of the sample, where a cfu is any entity that can give rise to a single colony.

Viruses may be counted by using an ELECTRON MICROSCOPE; however, it is not possible to distinguish infectious from noninfectious virus particles. The PLAQUE assay is therefore used, in which dilutions of a viral suspension are either mixed with an excess of sensitive host cells and poured as an overlay on to solid medium or used to inoculate suitable TISSUE CULTURE. After incubation the plaques that form are counted.

Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
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Percentage inhibition was interpreted by viable cell count (Lavanya et al., 2010) using:
The bacterial inactivation performance was determined by the viable cell count using the standard plate count (SPC) method and the bioluminescence-based adenosine triphosphate (ATP) test.
pH Reducing sugar (mg/mL) Sample 0 h 24 h 0 h C2 5.98 5.13 0.68 [+ or -] 0.01 (c) (1) F1 5.79 4.92 1.12 [+ or -] 0.02 (b) F2 5.93 4.52 1.28 [+ or -] 0.03 (a) F3 5.78 5.04 1.12 [+ or -] 0.01 (b) Reducing sugar (mg/mL) Viable cell count (log CFU/mL) Sample 24 h 0 h C2 2.57 [+ or -] 0.13 (a) <1.16 [+ or -] 0.53 F1 2.51 [+ or -] 0.12 (a) 6.50 [+ or -] 5.83 F2 2.47 [+ or -] 0.09 (a) 6.41 [+ or -] 5.62 F3 2.67 [+ or -] 0.09 (a) 6.30 [+ or -] 5.30 Viable cell count (log CFU/mL) Sample 24 h C2 7.78 [+ or -] 0.70 (a) F1 9.31 [+ or -] 0.85 (a) F2 9.25 [+ or -] 0.86 (a) F3 9.03 [+ or -] 0.81 (b) (1) Different superscripts within a column meant significant difference at P < 0.05 by Fisher's least significant difference test.
The accuracy calculated as accuracy error (difference between the mean of values from two operators by Burker chamber and mean of values of single nucleocassette by Nucleocounter) was within the range of the acceptance criteria -5/+5 (0.07/0.36 as minimum and maximum [E.sub.A] for automated total cell count and -0.02/0.29 for automated viable cell count).
After day 9, cell purity, cell number, and the total viable cell count increased by culture method as compared to EasySep kit method (Table 1).
To determine the viability and proliferation of the isolated bacteria, viable cell count was carried out and the results is reported in table 1.
This would account for the apparent lower values for viable cell count. Therefore, it proved that this assay was less inaccurate than the other assays from this study.
Viable Cell Count. Effects of uremic solutes on viable cell number were determined using the Cell Counting Kit-8 (Dojindo, Wako, Tokyo, Japan), a water-soluble version of the methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay, according to the manufacturer's instructions.
A viable cell count of the bifidobacterium at 60 days totaled about 90% of the initial cell count, regardless of whether prebiotics were added to the product.