vestibulocerebellum

ves·tib·u·lo·cer·e·bel·lum

(ves-tib'yū-lō-ser'ĕ-bel'ŭm), [TA]
Those regions of the cerebellar cortex with predominant afferent fibers that arise from the ganglion vestibulare and the vestibular nuclei; structures included under this term are nodulus, flocculus, ventral parts of the uvula, and small ventral parts of the lingula.
Synonym(s): archeocerebellum
[vestibulo- + L. cerebellum]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

vestibulocerebellum

The phylogenically oldest part of the cerebellum, which regulates balance and eye movements.

Anatomic components
Flocculonodular lobe and adjacent vermis.

Receives
• Vestibular input from semicircular canals and vestibular nuclei;
• Visual input from superior colliculi and visual cortex via pontine nuclei, forming a cortico-ponto-cerebellar pathway.

Sends
To medial and lateral vestibular nuclei.

Lesions
Cause disturbances of balance and gait.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The flocculonodular lobe, known as the vestibulocerebellum, located at the dorsal part of cerebellum, is involved in vestibular processing, and its major function is to control balance and eye movements (38).
Organization of the Vestibulocerebellum. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1996;781:553-579.
Dysfunction of the cerebellar circuits thus presents different neuropathology of the cerebellar disorder, and based on different parts of the cerebellum, can include impairment of body balance (vestibulocerebellum), deterioration of gait (spinocerebellum), disturbance in carrying out voluntary movement (cerebrocerebellum), and cerebellar cognitive-affective syndrome (cortico-cerebellar connections between the cerebellum and prefrontal and limbic areas) (D'Angelo, 2011).
Stockand, "Restrictive expression of acid-sensing ion channel 5 (Asic5) in unipolar brush cells of the vestibulocerebellum," PLoS One, vol.
(1973) Climbing fiber responses evoked in vestibulocerebellum of rabbit from visual pathway.
Topographic organization of inferior olive cells projecting to translational zones in the vestibulocerebellum of pigeons.
The probable locations are the caudal brainstem and the vestibulocerebellum. [16] Brandt has suggested that the pathogenesis of the nystagmus is the result of a "disinhibition" of the normal vestibular reflexes.
The vestibulocerebellum neurally encodes the velocity of eyes moving, either with the head still or in motion ensuring that pursuit and vestibular movements are accurate.