vestibular neuritis


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Related to vestibular neuritis: Meniere's disease

vestibular neuritis

A condition marked by vertigo, nausea and vomiting, and gait disturbance of relatively acute onset, usually caused by inflammatory processes within the bony labyrinth of the ear.
See also: neuritis
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Rambold, "Relation of video-head-impulse test and caloric irrigation: a study on the recovery in unilateral vestibular neuritis," European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, vol.
Synonyms for vestibular neuritis include acute labyrinthitis [4], acute unilateral vestibular paralysis [5], and epidemic vertigo [6].
The patient who is having a first attack of acute spontaneous vertigo may have acute vestibular neuritis or a cerebellar infarction.
Which is more effective for vestibular neuritis, valacyclovir or methylprednisolone?
There are several causes, including labyrinthitis (often after a cold), viral vestibular neuritis and Meniere's disease, but this sounds more like positional vertigo, which happens with quick changes in head position.
Etiological factors of BPPV include trauma to the temporal bone, ear surgery, vestibular neuritis, Meniere's disease, migraine, hypertension, prolonged bed rest, upper respiratory tract infections, and long-distance travels.
Vestibular neuritis (VN) is the sixth cause of vertigo with an incidence of 8% according to large population studies [1, 2].
In contrast, the study conducted by Lin and Bhattacharyya found that the most common vestibulopathy was Meniere disease, followed by vestibular neuritis and benign positional paroxysmal vertigo.
Acute persisting vertigo may be caused by vestibular neuritis or posterior fossa stroke.
Methylprednisolone, Valacyclovir or the combination for vestibular neuritis. N Engl J Med.
Diagnosis Vestibular Vestibular patients n = 42 patients with anxiety n = 24 Unilateral canal paresis 33 18 Vestibular neuritis 30 16 Unilateral labyrinthopathy 3 2 Bilateral hypofunction/ bilateral labyrinthopathy/ 3 2 BPPV--normal horizontal VOR 6 4 Diagnosis Vestibular patients without anxiety n= 18 Unilateral canal paresis 14 Vestibular neuritis 13 Unilateral labyrinthopathy 1 Bilateral hypofunction/ bilateral labyrinthopathy/ 1 BPPV--normal horizontal VOR 2 BPPV: Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo; VOR: vestibulo-ocular reflex.
Another condition, which is caused by a viral infection of the inner ear, is vestibular neuritis (acute labyrinthitis).

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