vesical calculus

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 [kal´ku-lus] (pl. cal´culi) (L.)
an abnormal concretion, usually composed of mineral salts, occurring within the body, chiefly in hollow organs or their passages. Called also stone. See also kidney stone and gallstone. adj., adj cal´culous.
biliary calculus gallstone.
bladder calculus vesical calculus.
bronchial calculus broncholith.
calcium oxalate calculus oxalate calculus.
dental calculus a hard, stonelike concretion, varying in color from creamy yellow to black, that forms on the teeth or dental prostheses through calcification of dental plaque; it begins as a yellowish film formed of calcium phosphate and carbonate, food particles, and other organic matter that is deposited on the teeth by the saliva. It should be removed regularly by a dentist or dental hygienist; if neglected, it can cause bacteria to lodge between the gums and the teeth, causing gum infection, dental caries, loosening of the teeth, and other disorders. Called also tartar.
gastric calculus gastrolith.
intestinal calculus enterolith.
lung calculus a hard mass or concretion formed in the bronchi around a small center of inorganic material, or from calcified portions of lung tissue or adjacent lymph nodes. Called also pneumolith.
mammary calculus a concretion in one of the lactiferous ducts.
nasal calculus rhinolith.
oxalate calculus a hard urinary calculus of calcium oxalate; some are covered with minute sharp spines that may abrade the renal pelvic epithelium, and others are smooth. Called also calcium oxalate calculus.
phosphate calculus a urinary calculus composed of a phosphate along with calcium oxalate and ammonium urate; it may be hard, soft, or friable, and so large that it may fill the renal pelvis and calices.
prostatic calculus a concretion formed in the prostate, chiefly of calcium carbonate and phosphate. Called also prostatolith.
renal calculus kidney stone.
staghorn calculus a urinary calculus, usually a phosphate calculus, found in the renal pelvis and shaped like the antlers of a stag because it extends into multiple calices.
urate calculus uric acid calculus.
urethral calculus a urinary calculus in the urethra; symptoms vary according to the patient's sex and the site of lodgment.
uric acid calculus a hard, yellow or reddish-yellow urinary calculus formed from uric acid.
urinary calculus a calculus in any part of the urinary tract; it is vesical when lodged in the bladder and renal (see kidney stone) when in the renal pelvis. Common types named for their primary components are oxalate calculi, phosphate calculi, and uric acid calculi. Called also urolith.
uterine calculus any kind of concretion in the uterus, such as a calcified myoma. Called also hysterolith and uterolith.
vesical calculus a urinary calculus in the urinary bladder. Called also bladder calculus.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ves·i·cal cal·cu·lus

a urinary calculus formed or retained in the bladder.
Synonym(s): cystolith
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

ves·i·cal cal·cu·lus

(ves'i-kăl kal'kyū-lŭs)
A urinary calculus formed or retained in the bladder.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Pain in cases of renal and ureteric calculus is due to increased intraluminal pressure; while in vesical calculus due to irritation of the bladder wall, burning in micturition is suggestive of associated urinary tract infection.
Giant vesical calculus formed around arterial graft incorporated into bladder.
Utervaginal prolapse with Giant Vesical Calculus: a rare case report.
Giant vesical calculus and carcinoma of the bladder.
In our case, the stent was in the urinary tract for 9 years after open surgery and it had migrated to the urinary bladder, where it acted as a nidus for the formation of large secondary vesical calculus which was removed by supra pubic cystolithotomy with successful achievement.
The patient was immediately booked for caesarean section with an indication of obstructed labour due to a large vesical calculus. Surgeons were requested in theatre for the management of the vesical calculus.
The non-absorbable suture material is the most common cause for hanging vesical calculus. The complication can be prevented by the routine use of absorbable material in sutures outside the urinary bladder; no use of any suture through the urinary bladder and layer by layer closure of laparotomy wounds under direct vision.
In terms of presentation, 42(9%) of the 480 patients presented with dysuria and lower abdominal pain out of which 28(66%) were diagnosed as uretheral stenosis and 14(34%) as vesical calculus. Besides, 70(15%) patients presented with urinary incontinence out of which 28(40%) were diagnosed as cystitis and 14(20%) each as trabeculated bladder, enlarged prostate and uretheral stricture.
(4.) Basu A, Mojahid I, Williamson EP.Spontaneous bladder rupture resulting from giant vesical calculus. Br J Urol.
Dietary analysis in cases of vesical calculus gives information about various properties of different foods.
Intravesical Cu-T migration: an atypical and infrequent cause of vesical calculus. Int Urol Nephrol 2007;39:457-9.
Intravesical Cu-T emigration: an atypical and infrequent cause of vesical calculus. IntUrolNephrol.