vertebral column


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to vertebral column: spinal column, Cervical vertebrae, Cervical vertebræ

column

 [kol´um]
an anatomical part or other structure that resembles a pillar.
anal c's vertical folds of mucous membrane at the upper half of the anal canal; called also rectal columns.
anterior column the anterior portion of the gray substance of the spinal cord, in transverse section seen as a horn.
gray column the longitudinally oriented parts of the spinal cord in which the nerve cell bodies are found, comprising the gray matter of the spinal cord.
lateral column the lateral portion of the gray substance of the spinal cord, in transverse section seen as a horn; present only in the thoracic and upper lumbar regions.
posterior column the posterior portion of the gray substance of the spinal cord, in transverse section seen as a horn.
rectal c's anal columns.
spinal column (vertebral column) spine (def. 2).

ver·te·bral col·umn

[TA]
the series of vertebrae that extend from the cranium to the coccyx, providing support and forming a flexible bony case for the spinal cord.

vertebral column

ver·te·bral col·umn

(vĕr'tĕ-brăl kol'ŭm) [TA]
The series of vertebrae that extend from the cranium to the coccyx, providing support and forming a flexible bony case for the spinal cord.
Synonym(s): columna vertebralis [TA] , backbone, rachis, spina, spinal column, spine (2) .
Enlarge picture
VERTEBRAL COLUMN

vertebral column

The portion of the axial skeleton consisting of vertebrae (7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, the sacrum, and the coccyx) joined together by intervertebral disks and fibrous tissue. It forms the main supporting axis of the body, encloses and protects the spinal cord, and attaches the appendicular skeleton and muscles for moving the various body parts.
Synonym: spinal column See: illustration
See also: column

vertebral column

The bony spine. A curved column of bones, called vertebrae, of the same general shape but increasing progressively in size from the top of the column to the bottom. Each vertebra has a stout, roughly circular body behind which is an arch that encloses an opening to accommodate the spinal cord. The arch bears bony protuberances on either side and at the back and facets for articulation with the vertebrae above and below. The vertebral bodies are fixed together by cushioning intervertebral discs and strong longitudinal ligaments. There are 7 neck vertebrae, 12 in the back and 5 in the lumbar region. The 5th lumbar vertebra sits on top of the sacrum, which is formed from the fusion of five vertebrae. The coccyx, hanging from the lower tip of the sacrum, is the fused remnant of the tail.

Vertebral column

The vertebral column, also called the spinal column or spine, consists of a series of vertebrae connected by ligaments. It provides a supporting axis for the body and protects the spinal cord. The vertebral column consists of seven cervical vertebrae in the neck, followed by 12 thoracic vertebrae that connect to the ribs, five lumbar vertebrae in the lower back, the sacrum, and the coccyx.
Mentioned in: Coccyx Injuries

Patient discussion about vertebral column

Q. Anyone have knowledge of cancer in the spine? Doctors think my 40 year old brother has. My brother has been undergoing test and treatnment for back problems since a vehicle accident in August. The did a test last week and Monday said they saw 4 nodules they think are cancer, his doctor said everytime he had seen this it was cancer. I am devestated right now but trying to stay positive. I am sure you will notice it on the site b/c I know it is affecting me and the stress and worry has the fibromyalgia kicking in at full speed:-( PLEASE anything you can tell me would be a help!

A. Thank you for the answer and the prayers!

Q. I have hurt my cervical spine and shoulder in a rear end car crash in July. Why does it still hurt?

A. Spine and back injuries are known to to be causing a lot of pain and discomfort and for a long period of time. You should try and do some mellow exercise and physiotherapy that might help you a lot. If the pain is unbarable, you should consult your doctor about using pain medications.

Q. Has anyone had a spine fusion that failed? Or hardware that failed?

A. Haven't experienced it myself, but here (http://www.spine-health.com/forum/treatments/back-surgery-and-neck-surgery) you may find a discussion about it.

More discussions about vertebral column
References in periodicals archive ?
In the letter, Mr Bradshaw said efforts were being made to reinstate the 30-month limit, but in the meantime butchers dealing with vertebral column from animal aged between 24 and 30 months could apply for a special licence and abattoirs that slaughter these older animals could apply for a licence to collect and dispose of the vertebral column from their client's cattle.
Washington DC, [USA] Aug 05 ( ANI ): In a recent discovery, scientists have identified a key molecule that drives chemo attraction between sperm and egg cells in marine invertebrates, animals that don't have a vertebral column.
Studies of the first cervical vertebrae were performed on dry bones and radiographic images (computed tomography and X-ray images) of cervical part of vertebral column. It was noted that radiographic researches give less detailed data [22].
Muscles may also go into spasm to guard vertebral column movement
Every vertebral column (From C1 to S3) was separated from the horses and then transferred to the Anatomy lab for morphological analysis.
The points on either side of the vertebral column in the upper back where these lines meet should be pressed inwards for with a moderate pressure five to 10 minutes daily with the thumbs held at a 45-degree angle.
Caudal to the region of the ninth thoracic vertebra a single vertebral column was evident (Fig.
If the hinge moves during surgery, displacement of the vertebral column, or sagittal translation (ST), may occur at the osteotomy site [Figure 1]a.
3175 60 Svmguide 7089 4 Tictactoe 958 9 Vertebral Column 310 6 Dataset Attr.