This warm-up was followed by the interview itself that finished with the performance of the Verbal Fluency Task
. Interviews' duration depended on the availability of the participant and the desire of sharing knowledge with us.
Kiosseoglou, "The verbal fluency task
in the Greek population: normative data and clustering and switching strategies," Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, vol.
Normative data for healthy eldery on the phonemic verbal fluency task
Recent fMRI evidence has also indicated that increased levels of aerobic capacity in older adults are also associated with improvements in language function and a more efficient neural recruitment array during a semantic verbal fluency task
For example, in a cross-sectional study, Zlatar et al., 2013, demonstrated that the neural recruitment array during a semantic verbal fluency task
in physically active older adults resembled that of younger adults, while sedentary older adults showed decrements in suppression of areas that should be inhibited during the task.
Therefore, in this study, we investigated the change of brain function, specifically in the PFC, among healthy controls (HCs) and subjects with MD or MDD using a verbal fluency task
(VFT) with NIRS.
Equally, there was a significant difference between the means of both groups (p<0.001) on the Semantic Verbal Fluency task
(sum of the words referring to three categories--Animals, Clothes and Fruits), and the performance of G1 (mean = 21.57; SD = 4.67) was inferior to G2 (mean = 29.10; SD = 7.78).
In the semantic verbal fluency task
(SVF) the patient is asked to evoke the highest possible number of words regarding clothes or garments for two minutes.
Verbal fluency task
was standardized for the Turkish primary school children by Dikmeer et al.
Normative data for healthy elderly on the phonemic verbal fluency task
The final sample consisted of 218 participants in phonemic verbal fluency task
and 265 participants for semantic verbal fluency task
In the orthographic and semantic verbal fluency task
, statistically significant differences were also observed between the groups, indicating impairments among the clinical group in the evocation of words with orthographical-phonological and semantic criteria.
(16) Moreover, the Monotone Counting Test (17) and verbal fluency task
were used to assess the sustained attention and executive function.